Adrenal Gland Quiz

1. Which number represents the region of the adrenal gland that releases cortisol?
  1
  2
  3
  4
  5

2. What is the name of the region mentioned in question 1?
  capsule
  zona glomerulosa
  zona fasciculata
  zona reticularis
  medulla

3. What hormone from the adenohypophysis stimulates the release of cortisol from the adrenal?
  ADH
  ACTH
  LH
  MSH

4. The zona __________ releases ___________ that are involved with the metabolism of ____________, whereas the zona glomerulosa releases _________ that are involved with the metabolism of _____________.
  reticularis/mineralocorticoids/sex hormones/glucocorticoids/glucose
  medullaris/androgens/fats/mineralocorticoids/calcium
  fasciculata/glucocorticoids/glucose/mineralocorticoids/sodium and potassium
  reticularis/glucocorticoids/calcium/ACTH/thyroid hormones

5. Sex hormones are secreted by ________________.
  all endocrine tissues of the body
  zona glomerulosa
  the gonads
  zona reticularis and the gonads

6. The hormone _______________, which is secreted by the adrenal _______________, causes the kidney to conserve sodium and excrete potassium ions and indirectly helps to maintain systemic blood pressure.
  aldosterone; cortex
  angiotensin I; medulla
  cortisol; cortex
  epinephrine; medulla

7. Where are the adrenal glands located?
  upper chest under the breastbone
  atop the kidneys
  posterior to the stomach
  posterior surface of lateral lobes of thyroid

8. Which hormone constitutes 80% of the total secretions of the adrenal medulla?
  norepinephrine
  epinephrine
  cortisol
  aldosterone
  androgens

9.

Like epinephrine and norepinephrine, which hormone helps to resist stress?
  glucagon
  mineralocorticoids
  androgens
  glucocorticoids

10. What is the name of the hormone producing cells in the adrenal medulla?
  chromaffin cells
  chief cells
  principle cells
  F cells

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