Endocrine System Quiz Questions

Pituitary, Thyroid, Parathyroids, Adrenals, Pancreas

by

Dela Erickson

(1) What exerts control over the pituitary gland?
A. the pancreas
B. the thalamus
C. the hypothalamus
D. the heart
E. the adrenals

(2) What region of the pituitary gland is seen on the right side of this slide?

A. infundibulum
B. hypothalamus
C. pars intermedia
D. adenohypophysis
E. neurohypophysis

(3) What two hormones are released from the neurohypophysis?
A. oxytocin and antidiuretic hormone
B. vasopressin and luteinizing hormone
C. growth hormone and prolactin
D. ADH and melanocyte stimulating hormone
E. oxytocin and follicle stimulating hormone

(4) What part of the pituitary gland is seen on the left hand side of this slide?

A. hypothalamus
B. adenohypophysis
C. infundibulum
D. neurohypophysis
E. hypophyseal portal system

(5) Which of the following hormones is NOT released by the adenohypophysis?
A. adrenocorticotropic hormone
B. prolactin
C. antidiuretic hormone
D. growth hormone
E. thyroid stimulating hormone

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(6) The hypophyseal portal veins drain into the
A. hypothalamus
B. both the adenohypophysis and neurohypophysis
C. thyroid from the pituitary gland
D. neurohypophysis
E. adenohypophysis

(7) The two hormones released from the neurohypophysis are actually manufactured in the
A. adenohypophysis
B. hypophyseal portal veins
C. pars intermedia
D. paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei of the hypothalamus

(8) Which of the following is NOT a hormone released from the thyroid gland?

A. triiodothyronine
B. thyroxine
C. tetraiodothyronine
D. calcitonin
E. all of the above are released by the thyroid gland

(9) What hormone acts to lower blood calcium levels, and from what cells is it released?

A. parafollicular hormone/parafollicular cells
B. thyroxine/follicular cells
C. parathyroid hormone/parathyroid cells
D. calcitonin/parafollicular cells
E. ACTH/pituicytes

(10) What endocrine gland releases a hormone that acts to stimulate the follicular cells to manufacture and release their two hormones, T-3 and T-4?

A. pancreas
B. parathyroid
C. neurohypophysis
D. adenohypophysis
E. adrenal cortex

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(11) The hormone released from the parathyroid glands acts to

A. increase osteoclast activity
B. increase insulin levels
C. decrease blood glucose levels
D. increase osteoblast activity

(12) Which arrow points to the region of the adrenal gland that releases cortisol, and what hormone from the adenohypophysis stimulates its release from the adrenal?

A. the first arrow on the left/prolactin
B. middle arrow/ACTH
C. middle arrow/FSH
D. arrow on the right/oxytocin

(13) The zona __________ releases ___________ that are involved with the metabolism of ____________, whereas the zona glomerulosa releases _________ that are involved with the metabolism of _____________.
A. reticularis/mineralcorticoids/sex hormones/glucocorticoids/glucose
B. medullaris/androgens/fats/mineralcorticoids/calcium
C. fasciculata/glucocorticoids/glucose/mineralcorticoids/sodium and potassium
D. reticularis/glucocorticoids/calcium/ACTH/thyroid hormones

(14) The islets of Langerhans (named after Paul Langerhans) contain ______-cells which release ________ that acts to increase blood glucose levels.

A. beta/glucagon
B. delta/insulin
C. alpha/somatostatin
D. alpha/glucagon

(15) The assortment of hormones released from an islet of Langerhans are delivered to the cells of the body via
A. the blood circulatory system
B. pancreatic duct
C. the nervous system
D. the lymphatic system

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