Quiz 3: Analysis of a Record from Biological Abstracts

Examine the analysis of a sample record of an abstract from "Biological Abstracts" below:

83801. SCHOENLE, E. J.*, E. J. BOLTSHAUSER, S. BAEKKESKOV, M. LANDIN OLSSON, T. TORRESANI and A. VON FELTEN. (Univ. Children’s Hosp., Steinwiesstrasse 75, CH-8032 Zuerich, Switzerland.)  DIABETOLOGIA  32 (6): 378-381. 1989.ą Preclinical and manifest diabetes mellitus in young patients with Friedreich’s ataxia: No evidence of immune process behind the islet cell destruction.— Friedreich’s ataxia is known to be associated with diabetes mellitus in up to 20% of the patients. However, type, development and course of diabetes mellitus are not well characterized. We report on 3 patients (2 female and 1 male, age 13-20 years) wi mellitus and (5) there was no remission. To evaluate a preclinical phase as in common autoimmune Type 1 diabetes, i.v. glucose tolerance tests (0.5 g glucose/kg body weight) were performed in 8 patients with Friedreich’s ataxia without diabetes mellitus. Seven patients had normal early phase insulin response. In contrast, the glucose disappearance rate was slow in 4 and normal in 3 patients. One of the 8 patients showed a prediabetic metabolic state: the early-phase insulin response was abolished and the glucose disappearance rate was abnormal. The results suggest that diabetes in Friedreich’s ataxia is caused by a loss of islet cells similar to common Type 1 diabetes but without HLA-association and without serologic evidence for autoimmune destruction of the islet cells.

Use the information in the record to select the one best answer to the following first seven questions. Review preceding sections of the tutorial to select the most correct answer to the remaining questions. When you finish the quiz, click "Submit Answers" to send your answers.


  1. On the sample "Biological Abstracts" record,“83801” is the
  2. Your answer:
    date of the article
    page number of the periodical abstract
    volume number of the periodical
    abstract or reference number of the article


  3. Author(s) of the article include:
  4. Your answer:
    E. J. Schoenle and M. Landin Olsson
    S. Baekkeskov and Thomas Fuller
    T. Smithesson
    Sonja Gralie


  5. “Diabetologia” is the
  6. Your answer:
    title of the abstract
    title of the journal containing the article
    city of publication
    title of the article


  7. "Preclinical and manifest diabetes mellitus in young…" begins the
  8. Your answer:
    title of the abstract
    title of the periodical
    title of the article
    city of publication


  9. “32” is the
  10. Your answer:
    volume number of the periodical
    issue number of the periodical
    abstract or reference number of the article
    page number of the periodical abstracted


  11. “6” is the
  12. Your answer:
    page number of the periodical abstracted
    volume number of the article
    issue number of the periodical
    abstract or reference number of the article


  13. “Friedreich’s ataxia is known to be…” begins the
  14. Your answer:
    volume number of the periodical
    title of the article
    summary or abstract of the article
    personal statement of the editor


  15. If the title of a journal in "Biological Abstracts" is abbreviated, look for the full spelling of the title in
  16. Your answer:
    "Serial Sources for the BIOSIS Previews Database"
    "Reader’s Guide"
    "New York Times Index"
    BIOSIS Inc.


  17. At UCLA, "Biological Abstracts" would most likely be found in
  18. Your answer:
    the Anderson Library
    all their libraries
    the Biomedical Library
    the undergraduate library


  19. Many of the articles in "Biological Abstracts" come from
  20. Your answer:
    libraries in Peru
    magazines
    scholarly journals
    hospital writers


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