Reading for Understanding Two #96B

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. A tramp steamer is a boat that does not have a route so fixed that it can be published. The tramp steamer will go from any port to any other port where cargo needs to be moved. On land, one might compare it to a
  2. Your answer:
    freight train.
    moving van.

  3. Before the days of barter or trade, people were obliged to make for themselves the things that they required. Their production was determined not by their aptitude but by their
  4. Your answer:

  5. It was a great shock to people when it was disclosed that some television quiz programs had been conducted dishonestly, for winners of large sums of money had been given answers to questions ahead of time. The admiration of the public for the competitors turned to
  6. Your answer:

  7. There are some self-styled critics who think that their own subjective reactions are adequate criteria of what is good in art and in invention. They attribute greatness to a thing, not because it has changed the world in some way, but because it has
  8. Your answer:
    pleased them.
    won popular acclaim.
    interpreted nature faithfully.
    become an original art form.

  9. Most people can attain a clear understanding of almost any subject matter if they master it step by step, not omitting or skimmming over anything in the progression. Just as an incompletely mastered theorem in geometry can prevent our comprehension of the theorems that follow it, so an inadequate grasp of any subject can be attributed to
  10. Your answer:
    gaps in our studying.
    inability to learn.
    overconcentration on detail.
    insufficient motivation.

  11. The consumer, in making choices, is actually deciding the kinds of products that businesses will offer for sale, for an article that has little demand yields small profits and will be
  12. Your answer:
    advertised more extensively.
    renamed and repackaged.
    produced only by small firms.
    discontinued by business.

  13. The work of the farmer is less specialized than that of the factory worker. The worker in a factory assembly line may perform only one operation; all the activities concerned with the cultivation of land and the harvesting of the crops are often performed by the same person. The need for the various steps in the production of a crop varies with the season of the year so that it is not possible for the farmer to
  14. Your answer:
    be skilled in all farm jobs.
    be constantly employed in one operation.
    work part time in a factory.
    put agriculture on a paying basis.

  15. Before the days of steam power, industries grouped themselves along those waterways that had good natural falls. This early need has tended to perpetuate such industries in their original locations, even in power plants where steam has become more important as a source of power than
  16. Your answer:

  17. During the early days of Roland Macy's famous department store, the financial panic of 1873 struck, and the store's sales fell. Margaret LaForge, the store's director, immediately added to the store a grocery department, which increased sales again since, even in hard times,
  18. Your answer:
    new clothes are necessary.
    people buy more things.
    everyone buys luxuries.
    people buy food.

  19. The most accurate approximations of the earth's age are based on the rate of disintegration of uranium, a radioactive element, into lead and helium. The process occurs at a constant, known rate irrespective of variations of temperature, pressure, and other factors. Lead and uranium are found in minute quantities in rocks. From the relative proportions of lead and uranium found in a rock containing uranium-bearing minerals, we can determine the
  20. Your answer:
    rate of disintegration of the rock.
    value of minerals in the rock.
    geology of the rock.
    age of the rock.

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