Reading for Understanding Two #89B

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. In the history of the world, many cultures have come to the fore only to fade again from the scene. The fate of a nonadapting culture is the same as that of a nonadapting animal-
  2. Your answer:

  3. Modern industrial plants are working to lower their accident rates. As a part of this effort, all new workers are given
  4. Your answer:
    free health-and-accident insurance.
    a set of safety rules that apply to their jobs.
    liberal sick-leave benefits.
    ready admittance to the first aid clinic.

  5. The heroic deeds and adventures of Danish chiefs were described in the songs of minstrels. These musicians sang the stories of the past from which the people gained their knowledge of
  6. Your answer:
    their religion.
    their history.

  7. When the word mining is used, we usually think of coal, iron, copper, and gold. Most governments, however, also include precious stones, building stone, natural gas, and many other things in the list of
  8. Your answer:
    items to be conserved.
    desirable raw materials.
    useless resources.
    mineral products.

  9. For hundreds of years, people believed that heavy objects fall to the earth faster than do light objects. But scientists have now proved that the difference is not due to weight but to shape. The air pressure is different against objects of different shapes. If a coin and a feather are dropped at the same time inside long tubes from which all the air has been removed,
  10. Your answer:
    the feather will fall faster.
    they will reach the bottom at the same time.
    the coin will fall faster.
    the feather will not fall.

  11. The efficiency of a machine is highest when the output of work or energy is almost as great as the input-that is, when the energy used in its operation is least. The simple lever is a machine with very high efficiency because in its operation energy losses are
  12. Your answer:

  13. The history of invention is a story of resistance to technological change. Sometimes the state interfered with the granting of patents; but more often the protests came from the workers. Hargreave's spinning jennies were destroyed by cottage spinners; seasonally employed farmhands destroyed threshing machines in England. The possibility of being replaced by a mechanical contrivance is still feared by workers. Some workers insist that mechanical devices not be installed if as a result
  14. Your answer:
    they require trained operators.
    they are not patented.
    they save money for employees.
    workers are to be dismissed.

  15. Jerusalem has always been a city of endless battles and contentions; through the centuries, few of its arguments have not been settled by
  16. Your answer:

  17. In the best advance of the month, the stock market made modest progress. Gains were well distributed throughout the list, and there were only scattered areas of resistance to the
  18. Your answer:

  19. A good singing voice can be maintained only through practice; but even practice cannot always offset the deteriorating effects of age. It is most unfortunate that, as they grow older, singers often do not realize that they
  20. Your answer:
    sing very well.
    have lost their voice.
    are a great success.
    need more training.

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