Reading for Understanding Two #71C

Thelma Thurstone -- The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc

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  1. The working day in factories used to be as long as fifteen hours. Men, women and children often worked six days a week. Now the working week is thirty-five to forty hours. The invention of modern machines has increased the production of the factories and at the same time has given the workers more
  2. Your answer:

  3. Probably you have observed that in summer, telephone and telegraph wires sag between the poles. In winter, these wires no longer sag but are stretched tightly between poles. This difference occurs because when the metal contained in the wires is heated, it expands; when its temperature is lowered, it
  4. Your answer:
    becomes brittle.
    is much heavier.
    expands further.

  5. After primitive people learned how valuable fire was, they never let it go out. When they moved from place to place, they were always sure to take with them some
  6. Your answer:
    burning embers.
    sticks to rub together.

  7. The patience and judgment needed for copyreading on a newspaper usually come only through years of experience as a reporter or reader. This is one reason why copyreaders are often
  8. Your answer:
    distant to fellow workers.
    envious of reporters.
    seeking more money.
    advanced in age.

  9. There is much disagreement among those who have studied the effects of caffeine. Some say that caffeine increases alertness; others say that it decreases efficiency. In the absence of conclusive information, it can be said only that the effects of caffeine are
  10. Your answer:

  11. At one time, states on the west coast of the United States had to ship their products around Cape Horn, which is at the southern tip of South America, to get them to the eastern part of the United States. This route was long, but the land routes were worse because of the mountains, deserts, and plains. It is not surprising that the western state of California planned a big celebration in 1914 to emphasize the importance of the opening of
  12. Your answer:
    the Panama Canal.
    a European route.
    Chinese trade.
    eastern harbors.

  13. One of the interesting superstitions of the Middle Ages was that a silver spoon placed in the mouth of a newborn baby would "drive out disease." Only well-to-do people could afford the spoon. Today, the phrase "born with silver spoons in their mouths" is used to describe persons whose parents
  14. Your answer:
    are somewhat wealthy.
    use sterling rather than silver plate.
    are cranks about health.
    are superstitious about disease.

  15. In ancient times, people who lived in one community learned about those in other communities through oral reports. As these reports were passed from one narrator to another and from one language to another, they were often altered a considerable degree. These changes may explain the fantastic ideas people in one community held concerning
  16. Your answer:
    the supernatural.
    oral communication.
    other peoples.
    the universe.

  17. Julius Caesar cannot be called a champion of liberty. He was a soldier and a great leader. He did away with some of the obstacles to the progress of the Roman state, but he did not promote the cause of
  18. Your answer:

  19. In the manufacture of posts, barrels, and small boats, the light but strong wood of the sassafras tree, which does not rot in moist soil or water, is
  20. Your answer:

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