Reading for Understanding Two #55A

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. Nobody ever saw a dog make a fair and deliberate exchange of one bone for another with another dog. Nobody ever saw one animal by its gestures and natural cries signify to another, "This is mine, that is yours; I am willing to give this for that." The natural inclination to barter and exchange one thing for another is limited to
  2. Your answer:
    primitive people
    human beings

  3. Conversation focused on "I" should be infrequent and chosen wisely, for people may think that you have an exaggerated idea of your own worthiness if you speak often of
  4. Your answer:

  5. The muscles of patients affected by muscular dystrophy degenerate until they are useless. The disease itself is not contagious and does not usually kill its victims. They frequently die as a result of other diseases, particularly those that affect the respiratory tract. The patients' chest muscles become so weak that they are unable to cough up mucus that gathers in the windpipe, and thus they may die as a result of
  6. Your answer:
    chronic illness

  7. Many years ago in England, a tax was placed on the windows in a house. One way in which this tax affected architecture was that
  8. Your answer:
    more bungalows were built.
    houses were made of stone rather than wood.
    new houses were built with fewer windows.
    many castles were abandoned.

  9. We used to think that people looked forward to the period of retirement from their jobs as a time when they would live idle, quiet existences in order to live longer. This concept is changing. Retired people are not happy unless they are busy. They choose to retire where there are many opportunities for
  10. Your answer:

  11. Our recollections of our childhood exploits, of our long-ago playmates, and of the tranquil streets of our hometown often take on a rosy glow as the years pass. The older we become, the more interesting seem the scenes and events
  12. Your answer:
    happening around us.
    that we have hoped vainly to experience.
    of our younger years.
    that are created for us in books.

  13. It is up to every voter to make it known that good character is required of candidates for public office. It is necessary that we insist that the nominees for office be
  14. Your answer:
    from our party.
    experienced politicians.
    honest people.
    clever people.

  15. The ancients constructed canals on level plains and sometimes constructed inclined planes up which vessels could be hauled to continue travel on the canal on a higher elevation. With the advent of locks, it became possible to build canals that could move vessels through elevations with far greater ease and speed. This one discovery led to a widespread increase in the building of
  16. Your answer:

  17. There are many reasons why the invention of money marked an important change from the method of barter. One is that money is easier to carry than pigs or sheep. Another reason is that money is easier to save. Pretend that you raise chickens and exchange eggs for all of your needs - meat, shoes, wood. Maybe you have enough of everything right now and want to save your eggs for future trading. Probably by the time you need to exchange your eggs, say two or three months later,
  18. Your answer:
    the price of meat would have changes.
    your hens would have stopped laying.
    the eggs would be spoiled.
    you would have more eggs.

  19. The prospector searches for gold, and the scientist searches for a better understanding of nature. Knowledge of nature is fully as valuable as gold. Hence, in a sense, both prospector and scientist are looking for
  20. Your answer:

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