Reading for Understanding Three #99C

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. Proverbs tend to point toward the inevitability of shortcomings in humanity. They are consoling to the person who has failed in life, and hence they serve to
  2. Your answer:
    sober youth.
    encourage creativity.
    rebuke failures.
    excuse mediocrity.

  3. If philosophy is to be an authentic field of study, it must be more than an easy way to obtain results similar to those of the sciences; its concern must be that which is not included in other fields; its objective should be to reach conclusions whose verity the sciences can
  4. Your answer:
    extend and improve.
    neither prove nor disprove.
    verify in their own fields.
    incorporate consistently.

  5. When I was young and in some idle company, it was proposed that all should tell what their three wishes should be, if the wishes were sure to be granted. Some wishes were very pleasant, and some very extravagant; mine were health, and peace, and fair weather; which, thought out of the way among young people, perhaps might pass well enough among the old. These three wishes are all of a strain, for health in the body is like peace in the state and calmness
  6. Your answer:
    among nations.
    in old age.
    in the air.
    of the mind.

  7. If the values that we as a society accept are not those of the highest quality but those accepted by the most people, we should not be surprised if the result is mediocrity; for we would be
  8. Your answer:
    becoming more enlightened.
    basing our judgments on quality.
    encouraging logical thinking.
    stifling any tendency to originality.

  9. Recent experiments have shown that, in pigeons, food deprivation over a period of time results in less hunger if the bird is not thirsty. Pigeons were trained to release food from a machine by pecking a white key and to release water from the machine by pecking a green key. Then the food and water were removed from the machine. No pigeons were fed, but some were supplied with water. Experimenters found that the pigeons that were deprived of water, in comparison with those that were given water, pecked
  10. Your answer:
    the white key more.
    both keys more.
    the green key less.
    the white key less.

  11. The style of this book is lucid and straightforward, avoiding all taint of rhetoric or affectation. Do not infer, though, that because its prose is not devious, it is therefore colloquial. On the contrary, this work is characterized by
  12. Your answer:
    stylistic pretensions.
    excellent form.
    vernacular expression.
    ordinary quotations.

  13. The original primitive primates had an eye on each side of their snout, so that they could see their surroundings on their left side or on their right, but not in front of them. Their direct evolutionary descendants, however, had eyes set more in a frontal plane, so that their axis of vision was less
  14. Your answer:

  15. Among unmitigated rogues, mutual trust is impossible. Given a nation made up entirely of liars and thieves, all trade among its members must be carried on either by barter or by a currency of intrinsic value: nothing in the shape of promises to pay can take the place of actual payments; for, by the hypothesis, such promises, never being fulfilled, will
  16. Your answer:
    take the place of payments.
    never be accepted.
    replace the barter system.
    have intrinsic value.

  17. In medieval England it was customary for a lord to entrust the management of his estate to a superintendent who was called a reeve. All of England was considered the king's personal estate and was divided into shires, each of which was supervised and managed by a king's reeve. The reeve of the shire was responsible to the king for law enforcement, tax collection, and other governmental matters. From one version of this title, we get the modern English word for a local official who has similar duties, the
  18. Your answer:

  19. The word critic is of Greek derivation and signifies judgment. Hence, I presume some persons who have not understood the original meaning and have seen the English translations of the primitive have concluded that it meant judgment in the legal sense, in which it is frequently used as equivalent to condemnation. I am rather inclined to be of that opinion, as the greatest number of critics have of late been found among the attorneys. Many of these attorneys, perhaps from despair of ever rising to the bench, have placed themselves on the benches at the playhouse, where they have exerted their judicial capacity and have given judgment, that is, have
  20. Your answer:
    evaluated prudently.
    snobbishly ignored.
    mercifully accepted.
    condemned without mercy.

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