Reading for Understanding Three #99B

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  1. The essence of science is understanding, rather than merely collecting, facts. No systematic approach to a field of potential knowledge is scientific when it considers described phenomena to be phenomena
  2. Your answer:

  3. Scholars once believed that some of the political institutions of the ancient Etruscan empire of Italy were borrowed by the Romans. Some of the words and symbols used by the Romans to describe such things as magistracies were originally Etruscan. The more common belief now is that the borrowing of language does not necessarily indicate
  4. Your answer:
    an Etruscan empire.
    a borrowing of words.
    the adoption of institutions.
    close communication.

  5. Good fortune will elevate even petty minds and give them the appearance of a certain greatness and stateliness, as from their high place they look down upon the world; but the truly noble and resolved spirit raises itself and becomes more conspicuous
  6. Your answer:
    by the elevation of fools.
    in times of great disaster and ill fortune.
    when nurtured on good fortune.
    when acclaimed by the multitude.

  7. One who is inclined to wasting diseases would be unwise to live in Portugal; colical persons will find little comfort in Austria or Vienna; the weak-legged must not be in love with Rome, nor an infirm head with Venice or Paris. Death hath not only particular stars in heaven but
  8. Your answer:
    hath malevolent places on earth.
    fixeth our assignment prior to our birth.
    maketh no consideration of geography.
    liveth equally for us in all places.

  9. History can be explained or told in a number of ways. Some historians cite certain facts that show that the progression of history depends upon economics and technology. Others see history as a series of conflicts between good and evil. These historians base their theories on certain recorded facts and ignore other facts an unimportant. It would seem that historical development could be explained from almost any angle if one would
  10. Your answer:
    select appropriate facts.
    become a philosopher.
    relate all of the facts.
    recognize economic trends.

  11. A body in motion does not occupy a given space even in the smallest conceivable fraction of time; it is always passing from one portion of space to another. This conception of motion might be called the principle of
  12. Your answer:
    spatial fractions.

  13. A writer will be able to slant an article to a particular publication more aptly by being familiar with its readers. It will help to know the approximate income level of these readers and how they spend their money--the kinds of clothing, foods, household appliances, and luxuries that interest them. Information of this sort can be gained by studying the
  14. Your answer:
    biases of different editors.
    magazine's advertising.
    psychology of advertising.
    craft of writing fiction.

  15. Laughter is becoming to the young, the gay, and the handsome; but a whisper is unbecoming at all ages and in both sexes. The Earl of Cock advised that only in the round gallery at St. Paul's or in the famous whispering place in Gloucester Cathedral, where two whisperers hear each other at the distance of twenty-five meters, should whispering be
  16. Your answer:

  17. It was only natural that feudalism should be adopted in New France, as it was the only system that the French people understood. Feudalism, however, which in France was different in every district, was altered considerably in its new home. When France gave authorizations to seigneurs in the New World, the terms were similar in each case, and since all land grants were made within seventy-five years, there was little opportunity for diversity to appear. In New France feudalism really
  18. Your answer:
    exploited the colonists.
    resembled a system.
    imitated the system in France.
    was unorganized.

  19. The U.S. Department of Agriculture has reported that the nematode, one species of parasite or plant worm, can take without harm up to 600,000 roentgens of radiation. Many people are concerned about the radiation from atomic bomb testing because human beings begin to show bad effects when they are exposed to 300 roentgens or more. People make the decisions as to the amount of radiation to which the human race will be subject. One writer, who is strongly opposed to allowing atomic tests, has satirically said we do not need to fear that our lack of wisdom will rid the earth of all life because the nematode will take the world if
  20. Your answer:
    people do not want it.
    all atomic testing is stopped.
    there should be an atomic test.
    atomic testing fails.

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