Reading for Understanding Three #99A

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Answer the questions below and then click "submit" to send your answers.

  1. The human body often serves as a lie detector. Despite carefully guarded words and facial expressions, underlying feelings and thoughts may be revealed by
  2. Your answer:
    others.
    posture.
    lies.
    truth.


  3. It is not easy to write in a familiar style; there is nothing that requires more precision. It utterly rejects not only all unmeaning pomp, but all low cant phrases and loose, unconnected, slipshod allusions. It is to take not the first word that offers, but the best word in common use. Many people mistake a familiar style for a loose style and suppose that to write without affectation is
  4. Your answer:
    to write at random.
    well-nigh impossible.
    good taste but poor business.
    in poor taste.


  5. Sophisticated people profess to believe that virtue and beauty are unrelated. They and their more naive friends, however, are doubly shocked when they hear that a vicious crime has been committed by an angelic-countenanced youth. Their extra measure of horror implies the existence, side by side with their theory, of an active conviction
  6. Your answer:
    at variance with it.
    growing out of it.
    that confirms it.
    on which it is based.


  7. Since it is easier to evaluate objectively something that is present in a known amount, many people in pursuit of justice tend to attach a numerical index to everything in order to judge its worth. Thus, in many universities, professors are rated for excellence on the basis of their
  8. Your answer:
    methods of instruction.
    mastery of subject matter.
    originality of thought.
    quantity of publication.


  9. The manners of that period were plain and fierce. The reverence exhibited for that period today is for personal qualities: courage, address, self-command, and strength. Luxury was not known, nor was elegance. A sparse population and want made every person
  10. Your answer:
    view life with great indifference.
    appear more satisfied than was possible.
    an insatiable reader.
    a farmer, a carpenter, and a cook.


  11. Many prominent people tell us that the days they spent struggling for success were the happiest in their lives. In the game of life, the struggle is often the
  12. Your answer:
    prize.
    rule.
    penalty.
    test.


  13. No other dispute arouses so much protectiveness in the participants as an argument over the finer points of grammar and idiom. When people debate a political or religious question, they are usually putting forth views of whose evolution they feel some personal responsibility; when they defend their linguistic peculiarities, they have joined battle for a heritage from those who surrounded them in the dimly remembered reaches of childhood. Their conception of language is so strongly associated with their early training that they feel aspersions on their language to be aspersions on their
  14. Your answer:
    judgment.
    parents.
    maturity.
    intelligence.


  15. It is a common practice to call people good if they refrain from committing sinful acts. It matters not that they may never perform an action that will be of benefit to humanity, for virtue often consists of
  16. Your answer:
    not doing.
    noble motives.
    helping others.
    keeping busy.


  17. It is certain that the easy and obvious philosophy will always, with the generality of humankind, have preference about the accurate and abstruse; the former will be recommended by many as being not only more agreeable, but more useful than the other. Their philosophy enters more into common life; shapes the heart and affections; and, by touching those principles that accentuate human beings, reforms their conduct. On the contrary, the abstruse philosophy, being founded on a turn of mind that cannot enter into business and action, vanishes when the philosopher leaves the shade and comes into open day; nor can its principles easily retain an influence over
  18. Your answer:
    obvious philosophy.
    the length of day.
    human perfection.
    conduct and action.


  19. When the young arrive early at fame and repute, if they are of a nature only slightly touched with emulation, this early attainment is apt to extinguish their thirst and satiate their appetite; however, the first distinctions of more solid and weighty characteristics do but stimulate and quicken them and take them away like a wind in the pursuit of awards. They look upon these marks and testimonies to their virtue as a pledge given by themselves of what they will perform hereafter, not as
  20. Your answer:
    a recompense received for what they have already done.
    an insulting means of damning with faint praise.
    a challenge to greater achievement in the future.
    a token symbolizing public faith in their continued virtue.



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