Reading for Understanding Three #98C

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. The Icelandic sagas preserved much that concerned the history of the Vikings. The accounts of the events related in the sagas were passed verbally from one generation to the next. They were generally not written down until long after the actual events had taken place. Thus, the written accounts of the early expeditions of the Vikings and the actual events were not necessarily
  2. Your answer:

  3. Near this spot are deposited the remains of one who possessed beauty without vanity, strength without insolence, courage without ferocity, and all the virtues of humanity without the vices. This praise, which would be unmeaning flattery if inscribed over human ashes, is but a just tribute to the memory of Boatswain, a
  4. Your answer:

  5. Unemployment is proportionally higher among teenagers than among adults, even when the fact that unemployment is high for all new entrants to the working group is taken into account. Frequent job changing is also characteristic of the younger worker. During a period of high unemployment and shortage of workers, many young people may obtain jobs for which they are basically unprepared, but this employment does not guarantee to them
  6. Your answer:
    proper job training.
    high wages.
    chances for promotion.
    stability in employment.

  7. Because half a dozen grasshoppers under a fern make the field ring with their importunate chink while thousands of great cattle, reposed beneath the shadow of the British oak, chew the cud and are silent, pray do not imagine that those who make the noise are
  8. Your answer:
    easily silenced.
    not important in proportion to the noise.
    the only inhabitants of the field.
    friends of the other animals.

  9. For a concrete illustration of the prevalent avoidance of independent thought, listen to the conversation of a group of people who have just attended a movie together. During the film one or two individuals have experienced decided sensations and emotions, which they now describe vigorously. The rest of the crowd jolts out of passive indifference to nod in habitual assent, thus
  10. Your answer:
    dividing the party into fractions.
    uniting in enthusiasm about the film.
    creating a semblance of unanimity.
    expressing their originality.

  11. The age of hero worship is past, and we regard people merely as the creatures of circumstance; and, with Cicero, are ready, not to praise Regulus for his self-sacrifice, but to ascribe all credit to his
  12. Your answer:

  13. Many people insist that most of our beliefs are of rational derivation and are only occasionally distorted by emotions and desires. There is more evidence supporting the opposite view. The bulk of our beliefs are dictated by our desires, and only occasionally are these beliefs modified because of
  14. Your answer:
    our emotions.
    objective disproof.

  15. History evinces that lawful and settled authority is very seldom resisted when it is well employed. Gross corruption, or evident imbecility, is often necessary to suppress that reverence with which the majority of people look upon their
  16. Your answer:

  17. The Sabbath means a day of rest. In Old Testament times the Jews were commanded to observe a day of rest every seventh day. Every fiftieth year, after the lapse of seven times seven years, was to be a jubilee year. The jubilee year was to be one in which there would be no planting or even the gathering of the fruits of natural plants. It is said that according to rabbinical tradition, the jubilee years were never observed, although they were
  18. Your answer:

  19. Counting is even more basic to civilization than is measurement, for without the former the latter would be impossible. The essence of measurement is the comparison of a standard unit or set of units with that which is measured. Once the units are defined, counting is precise; but not so with measurement. Whereas the precision of counting depends on the definition of the unit of measurement, the precision of measurement varies from situtation to situation and from instrument to instrument. In order to use numerical data efficiently, it must be recognized that
  20. Your answer:
    all measuring devices are more or less inaccurate.
    the process of counting involves some error.
    counting becomes more precise as civilization progresses.
    measurement is not necessary when counting is possible.

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