Reading for Understanding Three #98B

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. The once popular debate concerning free will and determinism is played down by present authors of ethical literature, whose writings generally tend to
  2. Your answer:
    avoid the question.
    express diverse opinions.
    discuss the question fully.
    solve the question.

  3. Successive snowfalls gradually build up the ice that composes a snowfield. The layer of snow resulting from each fall has its own characteristics of depth, compactness, and texture. When layers of snow have turned to ice, they continue to differ. Some are porous; others are dense. More or less dirt accumulates between layers, depending upon the length of the interval between snowfalls. As one might guess, the ice of a glacier is often
  4. Your answer:

  5. An organization established for the performance of related duties subserving a single end cannot be held responsible for the simultaneous performance of an entirely different set of tasks. If the organization is devoted to the achievement of one purpose, the other purpose will be grossly slighted. If the organization is partially adapted for the promoting of each of two diverse purposes, both purposes may be achieved, even if
  6. Your answer:

  7. Faith means belief in something concerning which doubt is theoretically possible; as the test of faith is willingness to act, one may say that faith is the readiness to act in a cause the properous issue of which is not
  8. Your answer:
    possible to achieve.
    desired by us.
    open to question.
    certified in advance.

  9. In ancient Sparta the ephors, the annual representatives of the people, were found to be an overmatch for the senate, whose members were elected for life, continually gaining on the senate's authority and finally drawing all power into their own hands. The tribunes of Rome, who were the representatives of the people for life, prevailed, it is well known, in almost every contest with the Roman senate and in the end gained the most complete triumph over it. This fact is the more remarkable inasmuch as unanimity was required in every act of the tribunes, even after their number was augmented to ten. It proves the irresistible force possessed by the branch of a free government that has
  10. Your answer:
    lifetime membership.
    fluctuating numbers.
    unanimity in the senate.
    the people on its side.

  11. We are always coming up with the emphatic facts of history in our private experience and verifying them here. All history becomes subjective; in other words, there is properly no history, only
  12. Your answer:

  13. Often we gain less from hastily skimming a complete book than from thoroughly studying a single paragraph. The benefit derived from reading worthwhile material usually snowballs with the
  14. Your answer:
    difficulty of the material read.
    quantity read.
    pleasure derived.
    number of readings.

  15. We should not consider something good simply because it started in our own country, nor bad solely because it originated elsewhere. A major politician once said, "It is contemptible to oppose a movement for good because that movement has already succeeded somewhere else, or to champion an existing abuse because our people have always been
  16. Your answer:
    afraid of it."
    opposed to it."
    free from it."
    wedded to it."

  17. John Stuart Mill, a British philosopher, wrote, "Capacity for the nobler feeling is in most natures a very tender plant...Men and women lose their aspirations as they lose their intellectual tastes because they have not time or opportunity for indulging them; and they addict themselves to inferior pleasures, not because they deliberately prefer them, but because they are either the only ones to which they have access, or the only ones which they are any longer capable of
  18. Your answer:

  19. Before the Trojan War there is no indication of any common action in Hellas, nor indeed of the universal prevalence of the name; on the contrary, before the time of Hellen, son of Deucalion, no such appellation existed, and the country went by the names of the different tribes, in particular of the Pelasgian. It was not till Hellen and his sons grew strong in Phthiotis and were invited as allies into the other cities that one by one the tribes gradually acquired from this connection the name of Hellenes, though a long time elapsed before the name could fasten itself upon all. The best proof of this is furnished by Homer. Born long after the Trojan War, he nowhere calls all of the tribes by the name of Hellenes. He does not even use the term "barbarian," probably because the Hellenes had not yet been marked off from the rest of the world by one distinctive
  20. Your answer:

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