Reading For Understanding Three #97B

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. The state of mind is most inclined to the appreciation of the beautiful or of the sublime in which the imagination is free and unoccupied by any private or particular object of thought. The seasons of care, of grief, or of business fetter the mind with concerns and inhibit, for the time at least, our sensibility to the beautiful or the sublime in the same proportion that the state of mind is
  2. Your answer:

  3. It is unwarranted to claim that science will make the resources of nature inexhaustible. Natural resources are finite and will not nourish an unlimited increase in
  4. Your answer:

  5. The ancient Athenians believed that one requirement of a democracy was the regular change of those who held office. They created a great number of offices so that each citizen would have the opportunity to hold one. In order to ensure not only this opportunity but also an equal chance that each individual would actually hold an office, officials were chosen not by ballot but by
  6. Your answer:
    previous officials.
    a panel of experts.
    passing standard tests.
    the drawing of lots.

  7. In 1758, Samuel Johnson wrote, "Among the calamities of war may be justly numbered the diminution of the love of truth by the falsehoods that interest dictates and credulity encourages. A peace will equally leave the warrior and the relater of wars destitute of employment, and I know not whether more is to be dreaded from streets filled with soldiers accustomed to plunder, or from garrets filled with scribblers accustomed to
  8. Your answer:
    the truth."

  9. The essence of belief is the establishment of a habit, and different beliefs are distinguished by the different modes of action to which they give rise. If beliefs do not differ in this respect, if they appease the same doubts by producing the same rule of action, then no mere difference in the manners of consciousness can
  10. Your answer:
    cause our reasoning to err.
    convince us that they are basically the same.
    lead us to act as if we did believe.
    make them different beliefs.

  11. Today's increased lifespan has made it necessary to plan better living arrangements for older people. Some big industries and some unions are sponsoring retirement communities that will offer respectable living for people who must try to close the gap between the cost of living and
  12. Your answer:

  13. In spite of the grave import of the book and her own sense of the sacredness of the work she was doing and recording, the author was not averse to seizing and pointing out to her readers the ludicrous side of many events or incidents. Her style may have been lacking in other ways, but she had an instinctive feeling for the value of light and shade in composition. Interlaced with all the earnest matters was a distinctive
  14. Your answer:

  15. It seems that the word "Gothic" was originally used to describe a type of architecture that suggested barbaric qualities in the nation producing it. It did not indicate that the people of the nation were really descendants of the Goths or that the architecture was originated by the Goths. It only implied that the people and their structures showed
  16. Your answer:
    trends found only in the art of the Goths.
    a new type of architectural design.
    a degree of sternness and rudeness.
    signs of Gothic influence.

  17. Words embody more than mere dictionary meanings. The word "horses" means one thing to a person who has just lost everything at the races and another to the president of the local riding club. The dictionary meaning of words is tempered by
  18. Your answer:
    how others use them.
    the origen of words.
    sectional peculiarities.
    one's life experiences.

  19. Laughter, while it lasts, slackens and unbraces the mind, weakens the faculties, and causes a kind of remissness and dissolution in all the powers of the soul. And thus far it may be looked upon as a weakness in the composition of human nature. But, if we consider the frequent relief we receive from laughter, and how often with transient unexpected gleams of joy it breaks the gloom that is apt to depress the mind and dampen the spirit, we would take care not to grow too wise for
  20. Your answer:
    dampened spirits.
    further learning.
    a loss of the powers of the soul.
    so great a pleasure in life.

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