Reading For Understanding Three #97A

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw Hill Companies,Inc.

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  1. A legal device for the retention of control of an industry or business by those who have large investments in it is the use of nonvoting stock. This consists of so arranging the rights attached to different classes of stock that most of the stock is disenfranchised, and only a very small class is permitted to
  2. Your answer:

  3. During the classical Greek period each of the many independent city-states tried its own form of government, which in few of them remained long constant. Classical Greece was a political
  4. Your answer:

  5. Taste is like conscience; all have it, but they may blunt it; they may drown its voice and finally so deaden themselves to its power as to prevent its warnings and warp its influence; it becomes strengthened by use, and the more it is listened to, the stronger and more correct it will become so as finally to be to the heart what sound judgement is to
  6. Your answer:
    the conscience.
    the soul.
    the mind.

  7. The relationship between the legumes and the bacteria that grow upon their roots illustrates the biological interdependence that is so common in nature. The legumes must have nitrogen compounds to manufacture protein; the bacteria will die without sugar. The bacteria survive by obtaining sugar from the roots of the legume. The bacteria aid the legumes by fixing nitrogen from the soil into compounds. The roots absorb these compounds, which eventually are changed by the plant into
  8. Your answer:

  9. It was quite understandable that it was the policy of the old priest nobles of Egypt and India to divert their people from becoming familiar with the seas and to represent the occupation of a sailor as incompatible with the purity of the highest caste. The sea deserved to be hated by those who wished to maintain the old aristocracies, inasmuch as
  10. Your answer:
    the priest nobles were trying to further the spread of education.
    the life of a sailor was quite dangerous.
    many of the sailors lost their lives while on voyages.
    the sea has been the mightiest instrument in the leveling of humankind.

  11. The unlettered man or woman today takes for granted many almost universally understood concepts, such as that of a ratio, which appeared unfathomable to even the most brilliant mathematical genius of some centuries ago. The scope of a person's possible knowledge is circumscribed by that person's own
  12. Your answer:
    desire to understand.
    cultural heritage.
    length of schooling.
    mathematical ability.

  13. Each human culture sees itself as a world of permanence and stability. Each of the items that we find in a museum tells us this story. The individuals whose artisanship created these items knew that they themselves would perish, but it was inconceivable to them that their culture should
  14. Your answer:
    be renowned.
    be permanent.
    influence other peoples.

  15. When the purchasing power of money steadily declines over a period of time, we speak of inflation. The reverse situation, in which money buys more than formerly, is called deflation. Inflation and deflation, then, are defined by changes in the relation between
  16. Your answer:
    money and goods.
    supply and demand.
    borrowing and lending.
    decrease and increase.

  17. Plato gave a definition for beauty in the last of his literary works. His definition is different in that it does not deal with the aesthetic type of beauty to which we are accustomed. Plato says that beauty pertains to any excellence of soul or body or to the copy of such virtue. Ugliness, the opposite of beauty, has the same relation to vices and defects. Thus, aesthetic judgement of beauty is reduced to
  18. Your answer:

  19. There is no reasoning with fanatics who are armed with "natural rights," which they understand as they please and apply as they see fit, of which nothing can be yielded or retrenched, which are inflexible at the same time that they are unintelligible, or which are consecrated as dogmas from which it is a crime to vary. Instead of examining laws by their effects in judging them as good or bad, fanatics consider laws in relation to these pretended natural rights; that is to say, they substitute for the reasoning of experience the chimera of
  20. Your answer:
    their imaginations.
    human conduct.
    formal logic.

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