Reading for Understanding Three #95C

Thelma Thurstone--The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. If you would always read the best, then in science, read by preference the newest works; in literature, read the oldest. The classic literature is always
  2. Your answer:
    out of date.

  3. Painting is a much more popular hobby than it once was. It is a good form of relaxation for busy people. The workweek is shorter for most people than it was many years ago, and painting now competes with other forms of recreation on free days. Those artists who paint as a hobby are sometimes called
  4. Your answer:
    part-time workers.
    Sunday painters.
    professional artists.

  5. We are like a chicken with its head cut off. We have been acting frantically without pausing to consider if our impetuosity is well directed. Our situation might be slightly improved if some rational being would retire from the field to think about our problem, but oh no! we demand instead
  6. Your answer:
    clarification of the issue.
    a thorough plan of action.
    more editorials on the subject.
    someone to do something.

  7. Failure to revise an esteemed institution was an important factor in the breakdown of the Greek civilization. There came a time when the city-state, for a while the organization through which magnificent political and intellectual achievements occurred, became inadequate as an instrument of further growth; but the Greeks refused to exchange their beloved city-state for a
  8. Your answer:
    share in the Roman Empire.
    more loosely organized association.
    more comprehensive political structure.
    democratic way of life.

  9. The earliest battles were land battles. When large ships were built, seagoing soldiers would climb on an enemy ship and fight very much as on land. Then ships were armed with more and more powerful weapons, and naval battles were often decisive in wars. Later came the age of the fighter planes and the big bombers; and it is even possible that if there are future wars, spacecraft and space weapons will be involved. The art of warfare has become more and more dependent upon
  10. Your answer:
    national leadership.
    the discovery of new planets.
    large numbers of soldiers.
    striking from greater distances.

  11. If you hang any weight by a string and count the number of swings it makes in a minute, and then pull the weight as far to the side and count the swings it makes in a minute, the count will be practically the same. This simple experiment shows that the time of swing of a pendulum is independent of the
  12. Your answer:
    length of the pendulum.
    weight of the pendulum.
    time of day.
    amplitude of the swing.

  13. Education has had a great influence on our legal customs. Years ago, a person accused of a crime was given a chance to prove his or her innocence by battling the accuser. It was believed that the right person would win. A woman could prove her innocence by having a man fight for her. Trial by jury replaced these trials by battle as people became
  14. Your answer:
    less religious.
    less hostile.
    more tolerant.
    more enlightened.

  15. Of all sounds of a bell...most solemn and touching is the peal that rings out the old year. I never hear it without a gathering-up of mind to a concentration of all the images that have been diffused over the past twelve months, of all I have done or suffered, performed or neglected, in that regretted time. I begin to know its worth, as when a person dies, and it takes
  16. Your answer:
    a toast to the new year.
    great sacrifice.
    a personal significance.
    a whole year.

  17. The writ of habeas corpus requires that an oficer of the law bring a prisoner to open court so that the court can determine whether there is sufficient evidence to justify continued imprisonment. Habeas corpus is a legal term that in the original Latin means you are ordered to
  18. Your answer:
    free the body.
    have the body.
    imprison the body.
    hire a lawyer.

  19. One means of conquering fear lies in the struggle for power. We counter our fear of others by making ourselves stronger than they. Here lies the origin of tyranny. We meet our fellows not as equals but as masters and servants. This method is deceiving, for it is based on the instilling of fear in others. A master has power over a slave only in proportion to the fear of the slave for the master. The greater the slave's fear, the greater must be the master's fear, for the slave is injured by the master and is
  20. Your answer:
    likely to rebel.
    more powerful.
    helpless to oppose.
    less powerful.

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