Reading for Understanding Three #95B

Thelma Thurstone--The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. The North Pole is the northernmost point on the earth. There is daylight twenty-four hours a day for almost six months of the year, and the rest of the year there is no sunlight. Hence, at the North Pole, the sun rises and sets only
  2. Your answer:
    twice a year.
    once a year.
    once in twenty-four hours.
    once every six months.

  3. It has been said that science appeals to the intellect, and art to the emotions. Is music, then, art or science? Perhaps it is all things to all people. Some people's appreciation of music is purely intellectual. They listen for form and techniques of composition and execution. To them, music is primarily
  4. Your answer:

  5. The best counselling is not that which confines itself to the solving of specific problems but rather that which teaches the person counselled those habits of thinking and acting that give the ability to solve problems as they arise. The aim of such counselling is to give to the individual
  6. Your answer:
    a new approach to problem solving.
    the ability to foresee future difficulties.
    insight into the techniques of counseling.
    the answer to present problems.

  7. Homeric persons of ancient Greece believed themselves to be constantly and universally surrounded by, and dependent on, gods. They attributed their good or bad luck, their successful spear thrust, or their enemy's escape to the friendship or hostility of a god. Every cunning plan, every sound device was credited to
  8. Your answer:
    divine influence.
    their mortal enemies or friends.
    their lucky stars.
    good or bad deeds.

  9. It is the utility of political contracts that makes them binding. When they become injurious, they lose their force. If a queen had taken an oath to render her subjects unhappy, would such an engagement be valid? If the people were sworn to obey her at all events, would they be bound to suffer themselves to be exterminated, rather than violate their promise? If there resulted from the contract effects universally injurious, could there be any sufficient reason for maintaining it? It cannot be denied, then, that the validity of a contract is at bottom only a question of mutual
  10. Your answer:

  11. My course of study had led me to believe that all mental and moral feelings and qualities, whether of a good or of a bad kind, are the results of association. But there must always be something artificial and casual in associations thus produced. The pains and pleasures thus forcibly associated with things are not connected with them by any
  12. Your answer:
    previous experience.
    repeated association.
    formal training.
    natural tie.

  13. The Hindus believe that, in a sense, success can never be attained. People can never get enough money, fame, and power when they want them greedily; and the more of each they get, the more they want. A Hindu expression of this feeling is given in the lines: "To try to extinguish the drive for riches with money is like trying to quench a fire by
  14. Your answer:
    trying to do it yourself.
    going away and leaving it.
    spitting on it.
    pouring butterfat over it.

  15. Individuality is submerged in standardization. "One hundred fifty million people," rather than "you" and "I" and "he" and "she," eat some brand of cereal for breakfast. Why, even our novels are less personal than
  16. Your answer:

  17. The five most popular girls' names in England in 1583 were Jane, Elizabeth, Margaret, Ann, and Mary. In 1783, the five highest names in order of use were Mary, Ann, and Elizabeth, with Margaret and Sarah tied for fourth place. In 1959, the most popular names were Jane, Mary, Ann, Elizabeth, and Sarah. Four names from the 1583 list and four from the 1783 list are in the 1959 list.
  18. Your answer:
    There are fads in names as in dress.
    Girls do not like old-fashioned names.
    There is a narrow choice of names.
    Fashion may be less fickle than we think.

  19. That all our knowledge begins with experience there can be no doubt. For how is it possible that the faculty of cognition should be wakened into exercise otherwise than by means of objects that affect our senses, and partly of themselves produce representations, partly rouse our powers of understanding into activity, to compare, to connect, or to separate these, and so to convert the raw material of our sensuous impressions into a knowledge of objects, which is called experience? In respect of time, therefore, no knowledge of ours is
  20. Your answer:
    preceded by experience.
    affected by the senses.
    dependent upon cognition.
    antecedent to experience.

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