Reading for Understanding Three #95A

Thelma Thurstone--The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. The heterodox opinions of age frequently become the orthodox views of its successor. Flaws in existing views are pointed out, and eventually these flaws are altered or discarded. Dogmatisms are
  2. Your answer:

  3. Elaborately carved staircases, wall panels, and furniture used to be very popular. There is not as great a demand for wood carvers today as there used to be because people now prefer walls and furniture that are
  4. Your answer:

  5. How often we find that our personal opinions are not confirmed by what we read! Let us be sure, however, that this confirmation has been intended by the author, for we may have read into the writing only that which we had hoped to find there. We are justified in agreeing with an author's meaning only if we first
  6. Your answer:
    refute it.
    ascertain it.
    agree with it.
    question it.

  7. It is sometimes claimed that workers in each division of the natural sciences are characterized by particular personality traits. Supposedly, naturalists tend to be friendly and outgoing, whereas biologists are more inclined to seclude themselves in a laboratory. If this assumption is true, naturalists are probably more sympathetically received by the general population, most of whose members possess a goodly measure of
  8. Your answer:
    love of animals.
    scientific interest.

  9. A democracy cannot endure unless there is general agreement on basic objectives. There can be disagreement on specific policies to achieve these objectives, and this disagreement can form the basis for competing political parties. If, however, the basic objectives are constantly subjected to test in the political arena, steady political progress is
  10. Your answer:
    achieved through political parties.
    highly desirable.
    almost impossible.
    based on shifting objectives.

  11. There are those who believe that there is more of the fool than the sage in us, that the mechanisms that control our senseless conduct are
  12. Your answer:
    most potent.
    highly regarded.
    less important.

  13. This is well to be weighed: that boldness is ever blind, for it seeth not dangers and inconveniences. Therefore, it is ill in counsel, good in execution; thus, the right use of bold persons is that they be used
  14. Your answer:
    under the direction of others.
    wherever strength is required.
    not at all in battle.
    only in groups as policymakers.

  15. Advocates of dialectical materialism, conceiving of history as a predictable process resulting from the inevitable conflict of historial forces and destined to a preordained outcome, are convinced of the philosophy that the total causal pattern of any event is what necessitates its outcome, and that as long as the causal pattern is what it is, the outcome cannot be
  16. Your answer:

  17. It is something of an effort to acquire enough information about an issue to form an opinion for yourself. We learn borrowed catchwords that can be used in the place of a genuine opinion. These catchwords serve as an intellectual medium of exchange, and many of us
  18. Your answer:
    hold rationally formed opinions.
    are busy minting catchwords.
    pay our way with nothing else.
    will have nothing to do with them.

  19. Equalize conditions, and every motive to effort dies. No sweat of brow, no sweat of brain, never a glorious deed, nor work of genius if improved condition does not reward it. Better the whirlwind of enterprise than the dreamless sleep of such equality. Voiceless yet would be the golden harp of Shakespeare, silent the song of Milton, still the fairy fingers of Mozart, unfilled with westward winds Columbus's sails, unreared our temples of learning, and wrapped in the shadows of a dream undreamt this mighty civilization, but for the magic touch of
  20. Your answer:
    differential rewards.
    universal suffrage.
    collective bargaining.
    equality of opportunity.

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