Reading For Understanding Three #94C

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies,Inc.

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  1. The possessor of power is often an object of respect, or of envy, or of hatred. The preeminent person is seldom regarded
  2. Your answer:
    without respect.
    with awe.
    with indifference.
    as preeminent.

  3. Neither a mournful nor a happy expression makes a face beautiful. It is the same with a tune. It is the basic quality of a tune that determines whether or not it is beautiful, not
  4. Your answer:
    its composer.
    the emotion it expresses.
    its familiarity.
    its popularity.

  5. Inventions may be viewed from two different angles: 1) as the result of inspiration on the part of the inventor and 2) as the result of the recombining of previously existing techniques and instruments. One of the amazing features of a new technique or instrument is that so often the same technique is discovered independently by two persons at about the same time. This situation can be understood best by considering inventions from the aspect of
  6. Your answer:
    combining known techniques.
    simultaneous action.
    independent work.

  7. In attaining one's objectives, subtle direction is often more effective than brute force. People will yield to persuasion when they would resist
  8. Your answer:

  9. The early Greeks attempted to describe every class of objects in the universe in terms of an ideal perfect form that all the class members had the potentiality to reveal. In the many individual cases in which a particular class essence was not even approximated, the deviations were quickly attributed to the occurrence of "accidents," and herein lies a major factor in the scientific inadequacy of the Greek analysis of nature. No scientific formulation is satisfactory that
  10. Your answer:
    fails to subsume everything under one law.
    reasond from general premises.
    ignores unpredictable exceptions to it.
    establishes a hypothetical model.

  11. Open a volume of that author, and you will be sure to remark some proof of the scrupulous honesty of the writer, of his care not to decide on imperfect evidence, of his anxiety to avoid saying more than he exactly knew, or of obtaining credit for having himself investigated that which he
  12. Your answer:
    had taken upon trust.
    did not trust.
    had proved earlier.
    found to be untrue.

  13. If a work of art is to be deemed great by successive generations, it must embody those characteristics of form that all people recognize as the most harmonious. The particularized and contemporaneous preferences of the artist must be obliterated from a work of art so that it expresses only the natural laws of aesthetics. Those who would strive to create anything that will transcend time must
  14. Your answer:
    love humanity.
    have a great technique.
    create first for their generation.
    disindividualize their work.

  15. A great leader is the function of a situation demanding leadership. Just as there is no victorious general without a war, so there is no tortured martyr without a
  16. Your answer:

  17. In the beginning of the U.S. representative form of government, those who were sent to Congress were free agents, trusted to act according to their best judgement. But times have changed. Today, the representatives sent are charged to vote as their electors dictate. Many popular representatives bow to the wishes of their constituents. Their continuance in office depends upon their
  18. Your answer:

  19. These critics suggest that we should ask ourselves whether a novel arouses emotions of surprise or emotions of familiarity. They would rate a story that is ingenious and full of unexpected happenings as inferior to one that explains ourselves to us, one that seems natural and plausible to us although we have never actually experienced it. Similarly, they would insist that the playwright should
  20. Your answer:
    tell an interesting story.
    write for the stage production.
    interpret human nature.
    portray life as it should be.

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