Reading for Understanding Three #94A

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. If the meek are to inherit the earth, they must fight for their meekness. We do not have justice unless there are those who believe in it enough to insist upon its worth. We can be free only
  2. Your answer:
    if we demand freedom.
    if we are meek.
    if we believe in justice.
    in a restricted sense.

  3. Surely, virtue is best in a body that is comely, though not of delicate features, and that hath rather dignity of presence than beauty of aspect. Virtue is like a rich stone,
  4. Your answer:
    occasionally seen but rarely possessed.
    not to be bartered.
    highly prized.
    best plain set.

  5. Activity is a function of want. When riches have been accumulated and wants satisfied, indolence sets in, and the riches are left unguarded. What has been gained because of want is lost because of the absence of
  6. Your answer:

  7. The wisdom of the ages is to be found in books. The invention of the ship that carries merchandise from place to place was considered a noble event. How much nobler is the invention that transports the wisdom of one country to another, of one generation to the next--the invention of
  8. Your answer:

  9. Sir Richard Steele, an eighteenth century British essayist, wrote: "There is scarce anything more common than animosities between parties that cannot subsist but by their agreement. It is often the case of lesser confederate states against a superior power, which are hardly held together though their unanimity is necessary for their common safety; and this is always the case of the landed and the trading interests of Great Britain; the trader is fed by the product of the land, and the landed cannot be clothed but by skill of the trader; yet those interests are
  10. Your answer:
    lesser confederates."
    ever jarring."
    in unanimity."
    ever agreeing."

  11. Voltaire, probably as much as any other person, popularized Newton's scientific discoveries. It is highly unlikely today that an eminent literay figure would disseminate scientific findings, for the accumulation and complexity of knowledge is such that, to achieve any real understanding, one must be resigned to
  12. Your answer:
    specificity of inquiry.
    lack of scientific knowledge.
    knowing nothing.
    taking a graduate degree.

  13. To me, the most satisfactory authors are those who make extensive use of indirection and implication. They convey the essential quality of anything by talking around it rather than about it. They make me vividly aware of the import of events and of the intricacies of human motivation
  14. Your answer:
    by emphasizing similarities.
    by relating precise details.
    by giving them appropriate names.
    without describing them.

  15. The introduction of symbolic logic into philosophy has permitted the rectification of certain errors made by our predecessors. The earlier philosophers had to express their ideas in the familiar terminology of their everyday life, and therefore it was all too easy for them to confuse their symbols with their thoughts. Many of their mistakes arose from problems that revolved around
  16. Your answer:

  17. Engineers find that an extensive knowledge of mathematics is necessary in their work, for it is only through the application of mathematical principles that they can solve their engineering problems. They study mathematics because it is
  18. Your answer:
    highly theoretical.
    a means to an end.
    an interesting pastime.
    an end in itself.

  19. One of the theories of government widely publicized in Tudor England was the theory of the divine right of sovereigns, by virtue of which the power of the monarch was thought to be directly descended from God. Practically, however, the ruler's right to the throne depended primarily on the ability to seize the throne and to hold it by force if necessary. In other words, the person who had the right to be ruler was the person who controlled the military strength necessary for seizure and who was willing to rule and enforce royal authority with an iron hand. Thus, the Tudor monarchs were embodiments of the principle that
  20. Your answer:
    prudence makes popularity.
    honesty is the best policy.
    might makes right.
    justice will prevail.

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