Reading for Understanding Three #93C

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. I like to read old books. When I take up a work that I have read before (the oftener the better), I know what to expect. The satisfaction is not lessened by being
  2. Your answer:

  3. What is the world's largest city, the next largest, and so on? City populations cannot be used to compare urban areas because city limits may underbound or overbound the urban area. The difficulty in answering these questions is also compounded by the fact that census years are not the same in all places. If you find a table showing the population figures for the world's cities, you should remember that the figures allow
  4. Your answer:
    inaccurate data.
    no conclusion.
    no precise comparisons.
    outdated reports.

  5. The opinion that authority attempts to suppress may possibly be true. Those who desire to suppress it, of course, deny its truth; but they are not infallible. They have no authority to decide the question for all people and to exclude every other person from the means of judging. To refuse a hearing to an opinion, because they are sure that it is false, is to assume that their certainty is the same thing as absolute certainty. All silencing of discussion is an assumption of
  6. Your answer:

  7. Some contemporary critics suggest that in this age of "commercial industrialism" pure science, the conscientious attempt to understand the processes of nature and the construction of the universe, is at the mercy of the pragmatists. These critics feel that the prevailing interest in science today is in the uses to which scientific discoveries can immediately be put, rather than in any strong desire to understand. They claim that society is geared for work and that no premium is placed on reflection. Thus, they might characterize present-day society as being entirely
  8. Your answer:

  9. A myth from ancient Babylonia (about 2100 B.C.) tells the story of Adapa, a fisher whose boat was capsized by the winged goddess of the south wind while he was fishing. Adapa became so angry that he broke one of the goddess's wings. In consequence, Adapa was made to appear before the sky god, who, after hearing Adapa's side of the story, pardoned him and offered him the heavenly bread and water of everlasting life. Adapa refused the offer; he was mistrustful of eating or drinking while in heaven, lest he would be fatally poisoned. His suspicion lost both for him and for all posterity the greatest of all gifts--
  10. Your answer:

  11. Love of truth is the core of this woman's personal philosophy. She is always ready to revise her views when presented with adequate evidence of their lack of
  12. Your answer:

  13. Aristotle says that beyond every "Now" there is another "Now," but that beyond every "Here" there is not necessarily another "Here." In other words, Aristotle is saying that time is boundless, but that space is
  14. Your answer:
    an abstraction.

  15. Of the 300 former students who were sent questionnaires, 200 responded, of whom 175 reported that they had become successful, monetarily speaking. This rosy picture might have been different had all 300 filled out the questionnaires, for there is a possibility that the 100 who did not reply
  16. Your answer:
    felt no desire to give private information.
    would not have affected the overall results.
    were not making large salaries.
    were living at different addresses.

  17. You are not beautiful because of anything you have done or have not done. Beauty has been given to you; you have not earned it. It implies no achievement on the part of any person possessing it. Beautiful people are found among the rich and the poor, among the intelligent and the stupid, among
  18. Your answer:
    the homely and the lovely.
    those who have worked hard to attain it.
    the guards and the prisoners.
    only those whose actions are beautiful.

  19. It is very common to speak of a group or a nation as "struggling for power." We speak of "military strength," the "mind of the Russians," and the "group decision." Reflection shows us that groups do not make decisions as groups, nor do they struggle for power in the same sense that an individual does. Security for an individual usually means the prevention of direct, physical assault. Struggle also connotes physical effort. When we use these terms to describe groups, we use them as metaphors. This does not imply that we should not use the terms in this way, as some semanticists argue, but rather that we should not
  20. Your answer:
    use metaphors in the language of everyday life.
    expect semanticists to be concerned with the language of everyday life.
    employ the same language to describe both individuals and groups.
    expect the metaphor to represent complete identity.

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