Reading for Understanding Three #93B

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. The envious are in pain on all occasions that ought to give them pleasure. The relish of their lives is inverted, and the objects that administer the highest satisfaction to those who are exempt from this passion give the quickest pangs to persons who are
  2. Your answer:
    subject to it.
    exempt from envy.
    desirous of it.

  3. As far as this political party was concerned, personalities were of greatest import and then, a poor second, came principles. Even here, the rule was merely expression rather than thought. There seemed to be no desire to
  4. Your answer:
    exploit the vote-getting personalities of the leaders.
    expose the leaders to ridicule.
    conceal the principles of political belief.
    evaluate the underlying tenets of the party.

  5. In the conditions of modern life, the rule is absolute: the nation that does not value trained intelligence is doomed. Not all your heroism, not all your social drive, not all your wit, not all your victories on land or at sea can move back the finger of fate. Today, we maintain ourselves. Tomorrow, science will have moved forward yet one more step, and there will be no appeal from the judgment that will then be pronounced
  6. Your answer:

  7. Unconscious impulses are usually a better guide to activity than are studied plans. You walk smoothly when you pay no attention to your movements, but the contemplation of each step leads to stumbling. In greater as in smaller endeavors, the same law holds; the poet who forces onomatopoeia and ploddingly alliterates is condemned to failure. Successful achievement comes from
  8. Your answer:
    bringing unconscious processes to a conscious level.
    following the rules without awareness of doing so.
    following the dictates of thought, disregarding rules.
    learning the rules and practising them.

  9. A great deal of human interaction has been corrupted by pecuniary motives. The practice of "backslapping" a prospective business deal into acceptance, the approach of insincere flattery as a means to success, and awed attention to the pronouncements of a potential investor have contributed to making many social relationships a farce. Some indulge in this type of self-degradation to promote their
  10. Your answer:
    genuine friendships.
    business partners.
    monetary interests.

  11. Since the legal code of a state is applicable to everyone, it can be concerned with only those subjects about which uniformity of control is felt to be desirable. It cannot apply to those matters in which members of the state
  12. Your answer:
    are not interested in individual cases.
    have no legal precedents.
    claim the right to differ from one another.
    are in agreement as to the proper cause.

  13. The belief that rulers received their right to rule directly from God was held even in Europe until about the middle of the seventeenth century. It is referred to as the divine right of sovereigns. The principle has persisted even longer in some other parts of the world. Most countries, even those that still have queens and kings, believe that the right to rule comes from the people and that the monarch is responsible to the people for all of his or her
  14. Your answer:

  15. The editor of a scientific journal regrets contrast between the optimism of our leaders of two hundred years ago and the attitude of our present leaders, whom he describes as so caught up in the excitement of the present that they rarely look beyond the next election. He describes pessimism as a kind of sickness that debilitates the individual and the country. He does not want us to become a nation of Pollyannas, but he warns that pessimism leads only to paralysis and
  16. Your answer:

  17. In mortals, there is a care for trifles that proceeds from love and conscience and that is most holy; a care for trifles that comes of idleness and frivolity, and that is most base. And so, also, there is a gravity, proceeding from thought, that is most noble; and a gravity, proceeding from dullness and mere incapability of enjoyment, that is most
  18. Your answer:

  19. When the metric system of measure was adopted in France in 1799, the unit of length, the meter, was arbitrarily set at one ten-millionth part of the distance measured between two marks on a bar of platinum-iridium that is kept at the International Bureau of Weights and Measures in Paris. Copies of this bar are kept elsewhere. If the standard bar in Paris were lost, the meter could be reproduced more accurately from the copies available than from a new calculation because
  20. Your answer:
    most countries now use the metric system.
    a slight error in the original calculation is known.
    it is difficult to measure the Paris bar.
    none of the copies will be lost.

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