Reading for Understanding Three #91C

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. When Glenn Cunningham was eight years old, he was so severely burned in a schoolhouse fire that physicians said he would never walk again. In 1934, he set a new world record in the mile race, and in 1938, he broke the indoor mile record. Since that time, new records have been set in these races, but Cunningham is remembered because he
  2. Your answer:
    was first to set a record.
    overcame his handicap.
    was never defeated.
    still holds two world records.

  3. It is my hypothesis that the difference between American and English vernacular decreases with an increase in the fundamentality of subject matter. If the subject matter deals with very basic principles, the difference is
  4. Your answer:

  5. A seventeenth-century German tried to create a vacuum by removing all the air from a container. He completely filled an airtight container with water, which he then tried to pump out. Since no air was in the container to start with and none could get in, he would have made a vacuum if he had been able to get all the water out. His first experiments failed, however, because the containers collapsed after only part of the water had been pumped out. This result proved that
  6. Your answer:
    no one can create a vacuum.
    air weighs less than water.
    water and air do not mix.
    air has great pressure.

  7. One university is offering a new course on the relation of innovation and tradition. It emphasizes a profound mutual dependence between innovation and tradition. Two principles are the basis for this course: 1)An innovation flourishes if it finds roots in a part of the tradition of the past and if it creates a new tradition of its own. 2) The traditions of the past retain meaning and life through embodiment in meaningful
  8. Your answer:
    current innovation.
    class discussions.
    textbook series.
    historical records.

  9. We claim to crave independence and self-determination, but our actions belie our protestations. When we want to paint a picture or to plant a garden, we form a club of like-minded people and either formally or informally acknowledge
  10. Your answer:
    our desire to do as we please.
    that we are amateurs in the field.
    a leader who tells us what to do.
    that we really are uninterested in our projects.

  11. It is interesting and gratifying to read a staunch commendation of Shakespeare as an actor. The notion dies hard that his acting ability was not equal to anything above the part of a gravedigger in "Hamlet," but it should now be
  12. Your answer:
    laid to rest.

  13. The United Nations is made up of more than a hundred nations from all over the world. The people represented by those nations are of different races, traditions, religions, and languages. Although the United Nations has not been as successful as its organizers hoped, its supporters are not discouraged, for they point out that even people who speak the same language do not always get along with one another. They do not think it is yet time for
  14. Your answer:
    final appraisal.
    the United Nations.
    an end of all war.
    a world government.

  15. If movement and the quick succession of sensations and ideas constitute life, in that country one lives a hundredfold more than elsewhere. Experiment follows experiment; enterprise succeeds to enterprise. The inhabitants change their houses, their climate, their trade, their condition, their party, their sect; the individual states change their laws, their officers, their constitutions. The existence of social order in the bosom of this whirlpool seems a
  16. Your answer:

  17. Recently, I received the following note from a banker whom I had helped a couple of times: "This is to let you know that you have on deposit with me two very good deeds accumulating interest and compounding constantly, which may be drawn at any time from an account that will always have
  18. Your answer:
    a balance."
    a gratitude."
    a depositor."
    an interest."

  19. Freedom can be increased either through an increase in the power to do what we want or through the limitation of our desires. Western civilization has sought by an increase in power to increase freedom. But this follows only if our demands remain fairly constant, and this, without some control, they will not do. Plato recognized this, and in the "Republic" he noted that the desires of animals can be satisfied without difficulty but that people are never satisfied. When our vital requirements are fulfilled, our demands become more complex and extravagant until they have
  20. Your answer:
    equalled our power.
    outrun our resources.
    all been satisfied.
    effectively increased.

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