Reading for Understanding Three #91A

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. No real attainment is possible for anyone who craves possessions without work, knowledge without study, mastery without practice. Excellence is forfeited by one who thirsts for
  2. Your answer:
    diligent application.
    thorough knowledge.
    minute detail.
    hasty possession.

  3. That group of poets could be original because they had completely rejected outworn authority; they had cultivated a far-reaching disbelief and had discarded
  4. Your answer:
    the spirit of blind faith.
    contradictory evidence.
    new hypotheses.
    dispassionate curiosity.

  5. Since the telegram is in written form, the exact wording of its message can be made easily available to anyone who can read. Ordinarily, the telephone message is received by only one person and is communicated to others only as that person imperfectly remembers its content. For this reason, a telegram may be preferred to a telephone call if the information to be communicated is
  6. Your answer:
    for only one person.
    of momentary importance.
    for several people.
    easily understood.

  7. The geographers of the Roman Empire were engaged primarily in the compilation of information about particular areas of the world. Their lack of interest in theorizing about the dimensions of the earth and its relation to the rest of the solar system was a reflection of the Roman emphasis on
  8. Your answer:
    theoretical geography.
    practical information.
    metaphysical speculation.

  9. If ever any author deserved the name of an "original," it was Shakespeare. Homer himself drew not his art so immediately from the fountains of nature; it proceeded through Egyptian strainers and channels, and came to Homer not without some tincture of the learning, or some cast of the models, of those before him. The poetry of Shakespeare, however, was inspiration indeed; he is not so much an imitator, as an instrument, of nature; and it is not so just to say that he speaks from nature, as
  10. Your answer:
    to nature.
    that nature speaks through him.
    that he imitates Homer.
    from learning.

  11. The debater argued that refusing to accept happiness unless everyone is equally happy would not be a way of securing happiness for everybody, but merely a way of making sure that unhappiness would become
  12. Your answer:

  13. Corals do not survive even a short exposure in the air to the sun's rays, so their upward limit of growth is determined by
  14. Your answer:
    lowest water at lowest tides.
    the density of a seaweed covering.
    highest water at highest tides.
    a succession of cloudy days.

  15. The adaptations that have ensured the survival, and hence the success, of a minority are the most amazing and at the same time the most mysterious phenomena in the world. Any species that propagates itself for even a brief period, that eats and avoids being eaten until reproduction has occurred and the existence of the species is assured, has achieved the one fundamental
  16. Your answer:

  17. The prosaic stolidity of these critics is such that they assume that reality exists, that artists expose themselves to this reality, and that they then transmit it, identically, effortlessly, and photographically, to their viewers. In effect, these critics consider the artist to be merely a medium through which reality passes
  18. Your answer:
    to be formulated.
    somewhat distorted.
    transmuted and refined.
    without refraction.

  19. By "abilities" we may mean something present from birth--something native, or something that, though based on inherited native structure, is developed by the effects of educational opportunities and other environmental stimuli. Since native abilities, before experience has modified them, are simple, and all that is learned is learned by the conditioning of these abilities, it is obvious that individual variation must be explained in terms of
  20. Your answer:
    the original abilities that people possess in differing amounts.
    educational opportunities that produce a person's abilities.
    the original abilities that some people possess and others do not.
    simple native abilities and the environmental elaboration of them.

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