Reading for Understanding Three #90C

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. We do not think of people as being old so long as they are developing new interests and pursuing old hobbies, absorbed in the world around them. We never bother to tally up a person's years until he or she
  2. Your answer:
    becomes physically infirm.
    is well over seventy.
    has nothing else to count.
    has contributed worthily to life.

  3. As long as people have lived in society, children have tended to occupy in the community the status that belonged to their parents. In different communities there has been variation in the kind of family power--economics, social, religious, or political--which has been needed in order to establish children in their parents' own enviable position; but privilege, life poverty,
  4. Your answer:
    is a current social evil.
    has always been with us.
    results solely from inheritance.
    is on the way out.

  5. Hospitals always need a large supply of blood to meet all of the medical needs for transfusions. Very little pure blood can be spared for research and clinical testing. The situation will be relieved by the development of techniques that allow analysis to be made using
  6. Your answer:
    smaller blood samples.
    pure chemicals.
    new laboratories.
    pure blood.

  7. It is folly to argue against determined hardness; eloquence may strike the ear, and the language of sorrow draw forth the tear of compassion, but nothing can reach the heart that is
  8. Your answer:
    filled with eloquence.
    torn with compassion.
    steeled with prejudice.
    softened by folly.

  9. Physiology and chemistry are two scientists that contribute directly to our well-being. Laboratory scientists, however, cannot afford to concern themselves exclusively with the utilitarian possibilities of their research. The major theoretical advances in the sciences came from researchers absorbed in their work as something vitally interesting in itself. They devoted themselves to the investigation of particular phenomena and relationships without bothering about
  10. Your answer:
    making particular applications.
    studying physiology and chemistry.
    investigating theoretical models.
    cooperating with other scientists.

  11. The early settlers of North America lived in a rapidly changing world. Almost daily, everything seemed to move along the road of progress. Life was still uncomplicated enough, though, that these people could prosper throughout successive alterations. They were immersed in life but not overwhelmed by it. History was moving fast, but it seemed
  12. Your answer:

  13. We may complain that journalism wreaks havoc by its exposures of shocking facts about certain private individuals. By the same token, however, newspapers must be given credit for promoting a higher level of governmental administration, both local and national, by
  14. Your answer:
    partisan participation in elections.
    widespread publication of official reports.
    uncovering corruption in public offices.
    maintaining neutrality on all issues.

  15. In compiling statistics for investors, the bank is not a disinterested party. The bank must also manage its own investments. Bankers "take their own medicine," so we can be assured that they will
  16. Your answer:
    prescribe carefully.
    show a profit.
    make no mistakes.
    be different from customers.

  17. Let us consider how great a commodity of doctrine exists in books--how easily, how secretly, how safely they expose the nakedness of human ignorance without putting it to shame. These are the masters that instruct us without rods and ferules, without hard words and anger, without clothes or money. If you approach them, they are not asleep; if investigating and you interrogate them, they conceal nothing; if you mistake them, they never grumble; if you are ignorant, they
  18. Your answer:
    can denounce you.
    can shame you.
    cannot laugh at you.
    cannot instruct you.

  19. All instruction that is given or received through reasoning proceeds from preexistent knowledge. This becomes evident upon surveying all the types of such instruction. All the speculative disciplines, such as mathematical sciences, proceed in this manner, as do also the two forms of dialectic reasoning, syllogistic and inductive. The syllogism assumes an audience that accepts its premise; induction displays the universal as implied in the better-known particular. Persuasion by rhetoric, since these arguments employ either induction or the syllogism, also makes use of
  20. Your answer:
    old knowledge to impart new knowledge.
    speculation to impart new knowledge.
    dialectic reasoning to impart false knowledge.
    logical fallacies to impart false knowledge.

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