Reading for Understanding Three #8B

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. The Salvation Army maintains low-cost lodging houses, rehabilitation services for released prisoners, nurseries for babies of working mothers, fresh-air camps, family welfare services, soup kitchens, and many other services for the poor, the jobless, and the friendless. Many people who do not belong to the Salvation Army contribute money to it because they know the value of its
  2. Your answer:
    street-corner meetings.
    military organization.
    charitable services.
    political activities.

  3. When European kings in the eighth century took up the practice of having themselves anointed by the Church, they became thought of as God's own appointed rulers. To oppose such a king was then thought to be not only treason, but
  4. Your answer:
    a felony.
    a sin.

  5. In ancient times and in primitive societies, goods and services were exchanged for other goods and services. Often, this method of exchange was very inconvenient and unstable since a person might not have a particular thing that would make an exchange possible. As societies became more complex and as the desire for more goods and services increased, a relatively stable method of exchange was adopted in the form of both metal and paper money. This medium of exchange has proved to be
  6. Your answer:
    very expensive.
    very efficient.

  7. The system of writing number symbols that the Romans used is not adaptable for calculations. In arithmetic calculations, Roman numerals have been replaced by Arabic numerals, which are easier to use. For a long time Roman numerals were used to indicate volume numbers of books, chapter numbers, the hours on watches and clocks, and inscriptions of dates on buildings. Roman numerals are seldom used now and are thought of as
  8. Your answer:

  9. Farmers have been greatly helped by inventions that speed up planting and harvesting. Very little can be done, however, to speed up the entire agricultural process because farmers must always plan their work according to
  10. Your answer:
    old methods.
    new inventions.
    acreage allotments.
    the seasons.

  11. If the earth were much smaller, its gravitational force would be incapable of holding an atmosphere. Like the moon, the earth would be both cloudless and
  12. Your answer:

  13. U.S. government documents and records of permanent value are kept in the National Archives, a building in Washington, D.C. The Declaration of Independence, the Constitution of the United States, and the Bill of Rights are on display in Exhibition Hall at the National Archives. They are sealed in glass and bronze cases filled with inert helium gas. At a moment's notice, the documents can be lowered by an electric elevator into a large shockproof and fireproof vault. Every precaution has been taken to
  14. Your answer:
    copy these documents accurately.
    protect these documents.
    repect these documents.
    exhibit these documents.

  15. Parachutes have been used to land soldiers behind enemy lines, to drop food and medical supplies to troops in inaccessible areas, to drop forestfire fighters, and in many other practical ways. Now skydiving, parachute jumping for sport, has become popular. Skydivers jump from as high as four kilometers and try to land as near as possible to the center of a large circle. College teams sometimes hold competitions in skydiving. Some people learn skydiving only as a sport, but it is also a skill of practical value in
  16. Your answer:
    old age.
    an emergency.
    a skydiving meet.
    a sport.

  17. At one time, planes often flew into violent storms, which the pilots could not see until it was too late. Today's commercial airlines are equipped with radar devices that detect a storm ahead and locate its exact position. With this information, the pilot can avoid the storm by
  18. Your answer:
    increasing speed.
    changing course.
    flying on instruments.
    radioing the tower.

  19. The world's largest Gothic cathedral is the Episcopal Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York. Begun in 1892, and still not entirely completed, the Gothic-style cathedral is referred to humorously as "St.John the
  20. Your answer:

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