Reading for Understanding Three #89B

Thelma Thurstone--The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. Hume says that we must understand an idea before we can effectively reason concerning it. Furthermore, it is impossible to understand any idea without first examining its origin, which lies in primary sensory impressions. The basis for effective reasoning is in
  2. Your answer:

  3. Speakers are nearly always effective if they have thoroughly mastered their subject and are engrossed in it, provided that they do not succumb to the temptation of conspicuously orating. Audiences become bored either when speakers have a tenuous grasp on the content of their speeches or when they are noticeably striving to be
  4. Your answer:

  5. It is unfortunate that we frequently distinguish between pure science and applied science as if they were two types of science and one were more valuable than the other. It is my hope that we may
  6. Your answer:
    clearly distinguish between them.
    evaluate them separately.
    abolish this distinction.
    emphasize theoretical studies.

  7. Mass production means the compounding of experimentation and experience into one standard design. Change now becomes an expensive and time-consuming operation. If the design produced is likely to be superseded by better designs, mass production
  8. Your answer:
    can be quickly altered.
    is fast and efficient in adopting said designs.
    facilitates technical progress.
    may slow down technical progress.

  9. Let us consider what is meant by the nomination (pre-selection in some countries) of candidates by the political parties. A nomination is simply the designation by the party of the candidate who is to represent the entire party in the election, and this designation is accepted as legitimate and binding by the party membership. From whatever process the designation results, a nomination is a real nomination only if it effectively commits the party to support it. A nomination is made if the party refuses support to all other candidates for the office and concentrates its full power behind the designated candidate. The nomination need not be made in an assembled convention. It can be made by a caucus, an individual, or a party election. The test is
  10. Your answer:
    whether it binds.
    whether it promotes victory.
    how it is done.
    whether it is legal.

  11. Prohibitions of acts stated in terms of "Thou shalt not..." rub against the grain of most people. To avoid this unpleasantness, the committee decided to phrase the new code
  12. Your answer:

  13. Early peoples were primarily fishers, hunters, and seed gatherers. Now it is only scattered populations that have so direct a dependence on the environment for their livelihood. Such groups are interesting subjects of study not only in themselves but as contemporary illustrations of our
  14. Your answer:
    own control of nature.
    ancestral life.
    restrictive environment.
    agricultural methods.

  15. One way to keep an ambitious legislator from getting out of line is to provide an equally ambitious legislator as an opponent. A compromiser or mediator must also be provided as a ballast, or balancing agent, however, to ensure smooth sailing, or else the ship of state will
  16. Your answer:
    change its course.
    roll too much.
    sink with weight.
    accumulate barnacles.

  17. Alcohol's depressant action operates first on the higher areas of the human brain, which are responsible for our acquiescence to the customs of civilization. The dulling of responsibility allows the more primitive parts of the brain to
  18. Your answer:

  19. In 1917 William Tyler Page of Maryland won a contest for the best summary of the political faith of the United States. It reads: I believe in the United states of America as a Government of the people, by the people, for the people; whose just powers are derived from the consent of the governed; a democracy in a republic; a sovereign Nation of many sovereign States; a perfect Union, one and inseparable; established upon those principles of freedom, equality, justice, and humanity for which American patriots sacrificed their lives and fortunes. I therefore believe it is my duty to my country to love it; to support its Constitution; to obey its laws; to respect its flag; and to defend it against all enemies. This statement has been called
  20. Your answer:
    a Patriot's Prayer.
    the Creed of the United States.
    a modern Bill of Rights.
    the Pledge to the Flag.

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