Reading for Understanding Three #88C

Thelma Thurstone--The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. The earth manual describes an ellipse with the sun as the midpoint. The earth's axis forms a 23 1/2 degree angle with the plane of the ellipse; hence, the amount of heat received by different parts of the earth varies with the time of year. If the axis of the earth formed a right angle with the plane of the ellipse, there would be no
  2. Your answer:

  3. There is no place for dogma in science. The scientist is free to ask any question, to doubt any assertion, to seek for any evidence, to correct any error. Where science has been used in the past to erect a new dogmatism, that dogmatism has found itself incompatible with the progress of science; in the end, the dogma has yielded, or science has
  4. Your answer:

  5. All motion is relative. A train with a speed of 60 kilometers per hour is going 60 kilometers per hour with respect to the earth and any motionless objects on the earth. But if a car travelling in the same direction, on a road alongside the track, is also going 60 kilometers per hour, then with respect to each other, the train and the car are
  6. Your answer:
    not moving at all.
    going 120 kilometers per hour.
    going very fast.
    travelling at different speeds.

  7. The easiest constellation of the stars for inhabitants of the Northern Hemisphere to find is the Great Dipper. Two pointer stars in the cup of the dipper point directly to the North Star. An inhabitant of the Northern Hemisphere facing the North Star is looking almost directly north. Anyone who can locate the Great Dipper, need not
  8. Your answer:
    study astronomy.
    get lost.
    face north.

  9. There are those who say that it is better to be gullible than to be curious, for the curious person is less easily satisfied than the gullible person and is hence more discontented. These people would probably argue that superficial knowledge of "facts" is to be preferred to knowledge of philosophy, which
  10. Your answer:
    deals with trivialities.
    enters into the depths of things.
    lulls us into a state of peacefulness.
    is for priests and sages.

  11. Some children show much more of a competitive spirit than others; they try hard to be the best or the first in everything. It is not possible for many of us to be in the top position, so most of us will be happier if we do not always judge the value of our accomplishments by our
  12. Your answer:

  13. Nature has provided the tumble weed with a peculiar means of locomotion for distributing its seeds. When the somewhat spheral plants become dry in the autumn, they break away from their roots; and the large balls tumble around the countryside where the wind blows. Their seeds, produced in large numbers, are thus scattered over large areas. The tumbleweeds are a great nuisance in the western United States, especially where there are few
  14. Your answer:

  15. Those eclectic philosophers who adamantly refused to be bound to any systematic position probably do not realize that they are thereby asserting their wholehearted endorsement of one guiding ideal. Like children glorifying in their truancy from school, their dominating value is
  16. Your answer:

  17. In learning certain kinds of skills it is best to practise first with auxiliary aids and then, if complete mastery is desired, to practise under disadvantages; for more skill may sometimes be acquired if the practise is
  18. Your answer:
    harder than the use.
    similar to the purpose.
    regularly performed.
    continued until the goal is achieved.

  19. U.S. citizens know that their representatives in Congress represent all who live in a particular geographical area, so that people with opposing interest must turn to the same lawmakers for assistance. On the other hand, people know that their lobbyist represents only those who
  20. Your answer:
    belong to the same trade union.
    live in a small area of the state.
    support their own particular interest.
    belong to one political party.

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