Reading for Understanding Three #88A

Thelma Thurstone--The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. Any prophet venturing to predict the future of scientific research should remember that in this area the unexpected always happens. With the passage of time, any specific and detailed prediction made will probably be
  2. Your answer:
    very impressive.
    quite accurate.

  3. Spinoza distinguished between goodness and perfection. He said, "By reality and perfection I mean the same thing," and "By good I shall mean that which we certainly know to be useful to us." Thus, to him, perfection is absolute, but goodness is relative to
  4. Your answer:

  5. Those who equate patriotism with the existing program of economic practices have a grave responsibility, for if this program should fall into disrepute, they expose patriotism itself to
  6. Your answer:

  7. Technological progress depends upon the creativity both of theorists and functional engineers. A theorist creates a concept that remains an abstraction until the functional engineer decides how the new concept can be applied and then creates a design and finds the precise materials with which to construct a prototype. The model is then examined and tested until it is proved practical. The theorist creates broad concepts that the functional engineer turns into
  8. Your answer:

  9. Are any of us able to give a clear statement of why we hold our deepest convictions? Most of us are quick to be upset when anyone questions the validity of conclusions that we have always accepted as true, but we are afraid to inquire into the assumptions from which these conclusions are logically derived. Consequently, when we think that we are objectively and reasonably explaining the basis for our point of view, we are often merely
  10. Your answer:
    reviewing our original thought process.
    developing new modifications of our beliefs.
    seeking excuses for clinging to our beliefs.
    substituting the beliefs of our critics.

  11. Strange it is that we should admit the validity of arguments for free discussion but object to their being "pushed to an extreme," not seeing that unless the reasons are good for an extreme case they
  12. Your answer:
    are not good for any case.
    may not be refuted.
    will not be discussed.
    are completely valid.

  13. A "lame duck" is a public official who has failed to be reelected but who continues in office between the election date and the time when the newly elected official takes office. The effectiveness of such officials is usually decreased because they have little time left to serve and because people now regard them as
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  15. The formula of newspaper success too often lies in the extraordinary and bizarre, in stories of calamity, of conflict, and of calumny. The majority of people are interested in reports of these, but the quiet, the routine, and the familiar are not
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  17. Skunks are really quite pretty animals, with their silky black-and-white fur. They are friendly and make good pets. They are also very useful animals beause they eat insects and mice. They do protect themselves by giving off a bad odor, but every animal has some means of protection. When we call a person a "skunk" for doing something very bad, we
  18. Your answer:
    usually mean that it is time for a bath.
    are accurately describing the action.
    may be unfair to skunks.
    should also explain why it was wrong.

  19. The productivity of the industrial workers has risen in past years along with wages. The productivity of nonindustrial workers in the form of services has not risen, although the wage scale has kept pace with that of industry. Thus, in comparing the present purchasing power of a given income with the past purchasing power of that same income, one concludes that the amount of purchasable industrial goods has increased and the amount of purchasable service has
  20. Your answer:

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