Reading for Understanding Three #87A

Thelma Thurstone--The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. Caribou, a species of reindeer, are afflicted with a great number of parasites of different types. Without some check, caribou would multiply and soon deplete their food supply. It seems unfortunate, however, that nature has been unable to find a more pleasant type of
  2. Your answer:
    hoofed animal.
    population control.
    parasitic affliction.
    food supply.

  3. A person's success is measured largely in terms of income, but the struggling young attorney is compared with other young attorneys rather than with a Supreme Court justice. Competition generally is regarded as being primarily between
  4. Your answer:
    near equals.
    law and medicine.
    the poor.
    success and failure.

  5. When a country is not industrialized, it does not produce a surplus of those things needed for subsistence because its methods of production are inefficient. If such a country wishes to develop its industry, it must take a number of workers away from immediately productive work. This will temporarily result in
  6. Your answer:
    a surplus in the work market.
    an immediate higher standard of living.
    a shortage of consumable commodities.
    crowding of the means of transport.

  7. The mystery writer unfolds the plot in a logical inexorable sequence. After the first event happens, it seems that the next could not fail to happen. We feel that the incidents follow each other as they do, not because the author planned it, but because
  8. Your answer:
    it is so in our own lives.
    we desired it so.
    the plot was unique.
    it had to be so.

  9. The size of certain stars increases and decreases in regular, repeated cycles,called periods of pulsation. The actual brightness of these stars varies with their size in a systematic fashion. If two stars have the actual same brightness at a particular time, their difference in apparent brightness is determined by how far they are from each other and from the earth. By observing through a telescope the period of pulsation of a given star, we can estimate its average actual brightness, and by comparing this with its apparent brightness, we can determine
  10. Your answer:
    its period of pulsation.
    its distance from the earth.
    the duration of its existence.
    its average diameter.

  11. On one basis, anesthetics can be classified as narcotics, but a separation is usually made on another basis. Anesthetics are volatile substances that cause only a brief period of unconsciousness, and thus they are distinguished from the true narcotics, which produce an effect of greater
  12. Your answer:

  13. Farmers are constantly attempting to keep nature off balance in their croplands. Thus they weed, poison, and in other ways kill a great variety of organisms that are continually struggling to eat up their wheat or soybeans. If the farmers are successful in disturbing the natural ecological process, one result will be
  14. Your answer:
    smaller but more perfect crops of wheat.
    greater yields.
    a plague of grasshoppers.
    a larger market for their crops.

  15. The assumption of equality of all persons is, if not a true statement, at least an economical one, temporarily speaking. If voting were to be strictly limited to those of a certain intelligence or character, so much time would be spent in determining and in refuting determinations that
  16. Your answer:
    political offices would never become filled.
    it would be difficult to set standards.
    politics would become very corrupt.
    voting procedures would have to be standardized.

  17. Acording to Plato, "While the 'art' of medicine gives health, and the 'art' of the builder builds a house, another 'art' attends them which is the 'art' of pay." The ethical problem of professions, then, is to reconcile the two "arts," or to satisfy as completely as possible the primary service for which they stand by securing the
  18. Your answer:
    advancement of true art.
    legitimate economic interests of their members.
    advancement of the social status of the "art."
    greatest amount of profit by any means.

  19. Before the refinement of microscopic techniques, scientists could study matter only in relatively large units, each of which contained many individual molecules. No prediction could be made about the activities of these smaller structures that composed the larger observable units, for there was no assurance that they followed the same laws. Similarly, it is at present impossible to predict individual human action from crowd action since the rules that govern the two levels of action may be
  20. Your answer:
    internally consistent.
    easily observable.
    vastly different.
    virtually identical.

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