Reading for Understanding Three #85A

Thelma Thurstone--The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. There is a tendency for people to group themselves according to their preferences, personalities, and capabilities. Civilization, by making movement from place to place easier and by dispersing informtion about distant places,
  2. Your answer:
    nullifies this tendency.
    destroys the differences of preference.
    makes life more complicated.
    facilitates this tendency.

  3. One mistake of the classical economists was the assumption of universal validity for economic laws extracted from their own particular economy. The historical school opposed this and tried to show that each society developed its own economy, which operated with regularities
  4. Your answer:
    peculiar to that economy.
    much like those of history.
    demonstrating universal principles.
    like those of nearby societies.

  5. Safety from external danger is the most powerful director of national conduct. Even the ardent love of liberty will, after a time, give way to its dictates. The violent destruction of life and property incident to war, the continual effort and alarm attendant on a state of constant danger, will compel nations the most attached to liberty to resort, for repose and security, to institutions that have a tendency to destroy their civil and political rights. To be more safe, they at length become willing to run the risk of being less
  6. Your answer:

  7. The Cartesians, followers of the philosopher Descartes, thought that a person is a mind and not a body. The body merely acts as a container of the person; therefore, according to the Cartesians, a person is contained in the part of the body called the
  8. Your answer:

  9. Experts generally agree that the primary cause of war is international competition for economic superiority. Each nation desires to achieve economic advantages equal to those enjoyed by other countries, and to attain these a nation may be compelled to add to its territory. Many believe that this struggle for territory is frequently the major cause of war, but I believe that it is only a minor aspect of the greater economic competition. Dispute over territory by rival nations is
  10. Your answer:
    the major cause of war.
    necessary for economic struggle.
    but one point of friction.
    the cause of economic struggle.

  11. Since the garment industry can, by means of mass production, produce copies of a fashion in a very short time after that fashion has been announced, the only way in which countries can continue to clothe the elite in costumes not presently obtainable by the masses is by
  12. Your answer:
    forming an exclusive and strict union.
    constantly producing new fashions.
    removing their main offices to foreign lands.
    destroying all the patterns.

  13. The average density of the earth is about 5.5 times that of water. This is determined by dividing the earth's mass by its volume. However, rocks on the earth's surface have an average density of approximately 2.7. Therefore, in order to offset the lighter weight of the surface materials, the interior of the earth must have a density
  14. Your answer:
    greater than 5.5.
    less than 5.5.
    less than 2.7.
    of 5.5.

  15. One of the two purposes of early biography was to moralize. Hagiography, the biography of saints, was well-suited to the furtherance of this purpose. Published records of the lives of other great men and women resembled hagiography in that the major emphasis was placed upon the
  16. Your answer:
    personalities of the subjects.
    childhoods of the subjects.
    virtues of the subjects.
    events in the lives of the subjects.

  17. The food we eat is chemically complex, but it is only in the form of comparatively small and chemically simple molecules that the food of an organism is absorbed in the body. The process by which the body breaks down complex molecules into their chemically simpler component materials is digestion. A substance that cannot be digested cannot be
  18. Your answer:
    studied chemically.

  19. Although the editorials of one newspaper may differ from those of another, the news content of all papers in the United States is much the same. Managers of large city papers are less interested in editorial rivalry than they used to be, and the emphasis is upon obtaining huge circulation and a larger and larger volume of advertising. Since advertisers will pay more for space in papers having a large number of readers, modern journals are the product of
  20. Your answer:
    an editor's notion of a good paper.
    a vast improvement in newspaper standards.
    a circulation manager's notion of a "good seller."
    the owner's idea of what a paper should be.

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