Reading for Understanding Three #83B

Thelma Thurstone--The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. It is an error to assume that each part of the ocean is equally travelled. Trade and travel routes are
  2. Your answer:
    evenly distributed.
    not necessary.
    not well-known.

  3. The series of changes suffered at the various periods of human life follow a progressive and not a cyclical line. Otherwise, old age would literally, and not figuratively, be a second childhood, and people could live
  4. Your answer:

  5. When a thing is perceived in relation to other things that are the same, it appears more simple than when it is perceived in isolation. We consider people to be very complex creatures when we study them
  6. Your answer:
    as social animals.
    as individuals.
    in relation to one another.
    with great thoroughness.

  7. This book is of particular aid for an understanding of the physical and mental processes in visual perception. The discussion and detailed study of vision can be understood by an interested reader, as we have taken for granted
  8. Your answer:
    minimal previous knowledge.
    all the fundamental principles.
    the universal appeal of the subject.
    a broad basic knowledge.

  9. During the last half of the nineteenth century, a new style of architecture had begun to emerge in the United States. The trend was away from superficial appearance and towards utility. The Victorian concept of decorative elements was being displaced in the American mind until the famous Chicago World's Fair of 1893 was staged. Small models of famous cities were set up along the Midway, and Americans saw, perhaps for the first time, good examples of classical architecture. So enchanted were they with their glimpse of the Old World, that they quickly imported a new criterion of architectural excellence. The classical tradition was revived; the truss was again covered by a plaster facade. It was not until about 1940 that the effect of the fair had run its course and the United States resumed an architecture stressing
  10. Your answer:
    decorativeness and classic design.
    iron trusses and plaster facades.
    utility and Victorian design.
    usefulness and simple design.

  11. It is at the takeoff, and only then, that a plane requires a tremendous burst of power that enables it to become airborne. Originally, the plane's power plant had to be large enough to provide this lift. With the introduction of jet-assisted takeoff, however, this traditional thrust of power was provided instead by an auxiliary unit that operated like a rocket and enabled a plane to
  12. Your answer:
    cut down pilot errors.
    increase airspeed.
    use more powerful engines.
    operate with less power.

  13. During the reign of the Tudors in England, a tribunal met in a star-decorated room of Westminster Palace. This tribunal tried cases and sentenced those convicted without a jury. Today, we sometimes refer to any arbitrary use of power by the court as
  14. Your answer:
    star-chamber methods.
    divine right.
    trial by jury.

  15. The recorded height of Mount Everest, the world's highest mountain, was 8839 meters when Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norkay reached its top in 1953. This figure had been accepted since 1850. In 1954, more than a hundred years later, the Surveyor General of the Republic of India set the height of Mount Everest at 8848 meters. This figure is accepted by the National Geographic Society, but some mountaineering groups still use the
  16. Your answer:
    newer figure.
    higher figure.
    older figure.
    Indian figure.

  17. Evaporation and condensation are processes of cooling and warming, respectively. When water evaporates, it changes from a liquid into an invisible gas and heat energy in the liquid is absorbed. On the other hand, when water in its gaseous state condenses into a liquid, it becomes rain, dew, clouds, or fog, and heat energy is
  18. Your answer:

  19. In Greek mythology, the Gordian knot was a knot tied by King Gordius of the kingdom of Phrygia. An oracle had declared that whoever would be able to untie the knot should be master of all Asia. Alexander the Great cut the knot with his sword and thus did not reveal that he could not untie the knot. Today, when we say that someone has "cut the Gordian knot" we mean that the person has
  20. Your answer:
    used a sword to get out of difficulty.
    failed to accomplish the task.
    solved the problem by bold measures.
    done an impossible task.

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