Reading for Understanding Three #82A

Thelma Thurstone--The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. In the struggle for existence, competition between different species is the keenest between those whose requirements are most nearly the same. Competition within a species is inevitably severe, for the individual members all require
  2. Your answer:
    the same things.
    different types of food.
    competition for growth.

  3. Poets are the most optimistic of people. They revel in dreams of future happiness. Present enjoyment pales in comparison with their
  4. Your answer:

  5. Public opinion does not mean the same as an opinion expressed in public. Thoughtful people are careful not to regard the opinion of an individual or of a small group as public opinion, even though it may have
  6. Your answer:
    the backing of an editor.
    some basis in fact.
    wide publicity.
    interesting implications.

  7. There are three dispositions, whether in emotions or in actions. Two of these are vices -- one the vice of excess and the other the vice of deficiency. The third is a virtue, the mean state between them. In a sense, all are mutually opposed. The extremes are exposed both to the mean and to each other, and the mean is opposed to the extremes. Just as the equal is greater if compared with the less but is less if compared with the greater, so the mean states if compared with deficiencies are excessive, but if compared with the excesses are
  8. Your answer:

  9. The volume of a gas decreases by 1/273 for every drop of one degree of temperature; thus, a gas occupying 273 cubic centimeters at zero degrees Celsius would have zero volume at -273 degrees Celsius. For this reason, -273 degrees Celsius is called the absolute zero of temperature. Only gases change volume in this way, and all gases become liquids before the temperature falls as low as -273 degrees Celsius. The question of exactly what the volume of a gas is at absolute zero is avoided because
  10. Your answer:
    matter can be neither destroyed nor created.
    no gases exist at this temperature.
    a gas having no volume does not exist.
    this temperature cannot be reached in practice.

  11. The ostentatious patrons of the arts who only approve something after a recognized consensus of approval has been accorded to it are usually far behind the times in their tastes. They are afraid to go out on a limb in expressing admiration of any contemporary artistic effort unless it unquestionably
  12. Your answer:
    displays originality.
    is by an artist long dead.
    reminds them of previous art.
    is different.

  13. We concern ourselves with why an act is performed rather than with how it is executed. Our acceptance of what you do depends upon your
  14. Your answer:

  15. It is better to fail in originality than to succeed in imitation. One who has never failed somewhere cannot be great. Failure is the true test of greatness. And, if it be said that continual success is a proof that a person wisely knows his or her own powers, then it is only to be added that, in that case, he or she knows them to be
  16. Your answer:

  17. There are now no camels in the western desert of the United States. In the late 1850s, the War Department purchased eighty camels from the Arab countries and used them as beasts of burden in the American desert. Although there were many problems with the camels, the military asked Congress to buy 1000 camels at $375 each. The Civil War started before Congress made a decision, and the camels
  18. Your answer:
    had no drivers.
    were too smelly.
    were forgotten.
    multiplied in the desert.

  19. Beneath their individuality, there is a tremendous similarity among all unhappy people. Focusing attention upon this similarity, one senses the role of social factors in human behavior. What people are, say, or do is not determined alone by the physical structure, but also by the structure of the society in which they live and act. The understanding of human behavior is not possible without an understanding of these social forces, for individuals reflect these forces in their everyday activity. It is necessary especially in the study of maladjusted personalities to gain some insight into the social framework, for this framework is a
  20. Your answer:
    replica of the individual framework.
    factor in shaping the individual life.
    product of many individual personalities.
    phenomenon that is imperfectly understood.

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