Reading for Understanding Three #81A

Thelma Thurstone--The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. Many educational and charitable institutions receive gifts from individuals, estates, or business organizations. Often, the gifts are made to an endowment fund of the receiving institution, with the specification that only the income from the fund is to be spent. Such endowments enable many universities, hospitals, and other social agencies to depend on
  2. Your answer:
    future gifts.
    a continuing income.
    a high interest.
    continuing good will.

  3. The geologist has been compared to a gnat, mounted on an elephant, that lays down theories as to the whole internal structure of the vast animal from the phenomena of the hide. The comparison is unfair to geologists, but it is very applicable to those newspaper columnists who write as if the body politic were homogeneous, who look only on the surface of affairs, and who never think
  4. Your answer:
    of the theories to connect the isolated events.
    of the implications for the future.
    of the organization that lies deep below.
    that they have discovered anything of value.

  5. The hairs on the roof of a plant are ephemeral -- they live for a very short period, sometimes less than a day. New root hairs are constantly being produced at the "younger" edge of the root-hair zone and dying at the "older" edge. Thus, the older parts of the root are
  6. Your answer:
    very productive.
    devoid of root hairs.
    soft and flexible.
    the source of root hairs.

  7. Winter and summer, then, were two hostile lives and bred two separate natures. Winter was always the effort to live; summer was tropical freedom. Summer and country were always sensual living, whereas winter was always compulsory learning. Summer was the multiplicity of nature; winter was
  8. Your answer:

  9. In our progress from infancy to maturity, how much do our sentiments of beauty change with our years! How often, in the course of this progress, do we look back with contempt, or at best with wonder, upon the the tastes of our earlier days and the objects that gratified them! And how uniformly, in all this progress, do our opinions of beauty coincide with the prevalent emotions of our hearts and with that change of sensibility that
  10. Your answer:
    is really enduring taste!
    the progress of life occasions!
    music and art bring to us!
    we share with our friends!

  11. Periods of agreement in the legislative assemblies of a nation are usually coincident with periods of domination by the opinion of the general public. Conversely, filibustering, bitter debates, and great divergency of opinion occur in continguity with the
  12. Your answer:
    complete dissolution of governmental functions.
    reversion to rule by majority vote.
    advent of a democratic state.
    ascendancy of particular interests.

  13. Herodotus was a Greek historian who lived in the fifth century B.C. After extensive travels in the known world, he wrote a history of the world up to his time in nine books. He is known as the "Father of History." Although excavations and other researches of recent times have modified the reports in Herodotus' writings, historians make allowance for the discrepancies because they realize that
  14. Your answer:
    it is not possible to be accurate.
    he told many untrue stories.
    no one has done a better job.
    he worked under great difficulties.

  15. One might consider the invention of the motor car as the combination of the buggy and an internal-combustion engine and look on the invention of engines as a special combination of some previously known principles. In other words, new inventions are
  16. Your answer:
    to be considered in their relation to technology.
    the uniting of former techniques.
    the result of pure chance.
    necessary for the continuation of our technological superiority.

  17. When early people began to write words rather than to express ideas in pictures, they used an alphabet much simpler than ours. One difference was that early writers did not use vowels. These were first used by the Greeks and the Romans. The seven-year-old who spelled fiddle F-D-L was writing in
  18. Your answer:
    a primitive style.
    the Greek alphabet.
    a phonetic style.

  19. Many university professors leave the classrooms to become deans and deparment heads. Their new positions usually are more rewarding financially, but money is not their only reason for changing jobs. The modern educational system is organized in such a way that a major portion of academic recognition goes to the
  20. Your answer:
    faculty members.
    older teachers.

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