Reading for Understanding Three #80C

Thelma Thurstone--The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. The intellect may seek seclusion because solitude affords opportunity for quiet study, but emotions are more social. They seek to
  2. Your answer:
    distort themselves.
    communicate themselves.
    know themselves.
    personalize themselves.

  3. Not very long ago, teachers were expected to be strict disciplinarians. There was a set punishment for violation of each of the many rules of the classroom. Of course, teachers still must have a well-behaved class in order to teach effectively, but now most have adopted more positive means of fostering good conduct. The good teacher tries to understand why pupils misbehave and seeks to maintain an orderly classroom by emphasizing
  4. Your answer:
    learning by doing.
    the unimportance of obedience.
    new standards of good conduct.
    the rewards of good conduct.

  5. The possible number of designs that an architect may produce is substantially limited by the fact that all the designs must be functional. If even the most beautiful buildings that the architect has conceived are not useful, they are
  6. Your answer:
    difficult to construct.
    designs for the future.
    architecturally bad.
    used as models by students.

  7. There are some issues on which we do well to maintain neutrality. If we would avoid errors of judgment in cases where there is equally good evidence for both sides of the question, the safest thing to do is
  8. Your answer:
    meditate in solitude.
    side with our opponents.
    reason with our opponents.
    give ourselves up to neither.

  9. If we are satisfied when we have acquired facility in mere technical manipulation, we are in danger of failing to progress past technique. During the declining years of scholastic thought, there was available to novitiates a comprehensive set of technical distinctions, potentially useful but actually self-defeating because they were
  10. Your answer:
    learned as an end in themselves.
    generated in a scholastic atmosphere.
    manipulated to promote selfish gain.
    so difficult as to make mastery impossible.

  11. Beethoven believed that music should be a medium for the expression of the composer's ideas and that all other considerations were of secondary importance. For him, the primary emphasis was on
  12. Your answer:
    popular appeal.

  13. Mathematics teachers are often concerned more with the quality of the students' reasoning than with quantitative precision. The situation will be reversed with employers; hence, education must give some recognition to
  14. Your answer:
    selection of employers.
    metaphysical speculation.
    memorization of facts.
    numerical accuracy.

  15. It is not necessary that all members of a group seek or attain unity of opinion. In fact, some groups function better when all the members are not in agreement, as in an informal discussion group. Other groups, however, must seek a consensus. Examples of such groups are
  16. Your answer:
    professional associations.
    policy-determining groups.
    debating societies.
    theatrical groups.

  17. All attempts to establish a scientific basis for the common notion that the moon influences weather have failed. Those who continue to support this notion are backed solely by
  18. Your answer:
    popular belief.
    reports made by astronomers.
    extensive weather observations.
    scientific validation.

  19. Mark Twain once wrote, "I said...that I, like all other human beings, expose to the world only my trimmed and perfumed and carefully barbed public opinions and conceal carefully, cautiously, wisely, my private ones." And again, "It seemed to me that I could be as frank and free and unembarrassed as a love letter if I knew that what I was writing would be exposed to no eye until I was dead, and unaware, and indifferent." Some of his notes were labelled "not to be exposed to any eye until the edition of A.D. 2046." Again, "I think we never become really and genuinely our entire and honest selves until we are dead -- and not then until we have been dead for years and years." Then followed the wry comment, "People ought to start dead
  20. Your answer:
    so that no one would never misjudge them."
    and then they could be honest so much earlier."
    to avoid havin to leave only honest writings."
    because none of us are immortal anyhow."

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