Reading for Understanding Three #7B

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. In early times, people discovered that a definite advantage could be gained over enemies by being above the foe in battle. From heights soliders could send signals, detect the approach of enemies, and direct attacks with greater effectiveness. Early architects provided for this advantage by building forts and castles that included several
  2. Your answer:

  3. The North American British colonies had strict rules for maintaining law and order. A whipping post and wooden stocks, commonly seen in the town square, were used for punishment of certain criminals. A dunking stool, located by the town pond, was used to punish gossips. A drunkard was branded for life with a D on the forehead. Anyone convicted of a crime in colonial America could usually expect
  4. Your answer:
    a long trial.
    public punishment.
    solitary confinement.
    a prison sentence.

  5. The Romans named the days of their week for the sun, the moon, and the five planets that were known at the time that the days were named. These were Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn. The length of the day is set by the time it takes for the earth to turn on its axis. The number of days in the year is set by the time it takes the earth to go around the sun. But the number of days in the week is not fixed in any such manner. If the Romans had known more planets, there might have been
  6. Your answer:
    five days in a week.
    fewer days in a week.
    thrity days in a month.
    more days in a week.

  7. The seacoast resort area was very hard hit by the storm. The loss of houses was great, and the coastline was pushed into new positions. Fortunately, because the storm occurred early in spring when the weather was still too cold for visitors
  8. Your answer:
    there were no bad fires.
    the Red Cross arrived promptly.
    the loss of life was small.
    beach property was protected.

  9. Ten years before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock, Spaniards founded Santa Fe, New Mexico, but they did not make much of an effort to colonize this large area of the southwest United States. The great mineral resources of the area were unknown, and the supply of water was so limited that agriculture did not look promising. For these reasons the southwest United States developed
  10. Your answer:
    many cities.
    oil wells.

  11. Almost a thousand years before the Christian era, a Persian prophet named Zoroaster (sometimes called Zarathustra) founded a religion that was know as Zorastrianism. The religion spread through the whole Persian Empire. After the the conquest of Persia by Alexander the Great, Zoroastrianism declined, and later it was almost wiped out by the Muslim invasion of the seventh century. At present, there is only a small number of Zoroastrians, most of them in India. The ancient conquerors not only changed governments; they destroyed
  12. Your answer:

  13. Many people are not interested in hunting because they do not like to kill wild animals. Hunters who are truly sporting do not hunt because they like to kill, but rather they enjoy matching their skill aganist the animal's. The animal has certain advantages over the hunter, and one important advantage the hunter has is a weapon. But the weapon does not always ensure that the hunter will win over the
  14. Your answer:
    game laws.
    wild game.

  15. Great artists through the centuries have painted many pictures of the Madonna, the name given to the mother of Christ. Raphael alone painted more than fifty Madonnas. Sculptors have also made many figures of the Madonna. The Madonna is one of the most popular subjects of
  16. Your answer:
    New Testament study.
    Italian literature
    biblical history.
    religious art.

  17. A Greek oracle, or fortuneteller, warned the Greeks as they were preparing to fight the Trojans that the first person to set foot on land at Troy would perish. The prophecy proved true when Prostesilaus, a Greek warrior, grew impatient because his fellow soldiers would not leave the boat at Troy to begin the war. He jumped ashore and the
  18. Your answer:
    Trojans killed him instantly.
    Trojans surrendered to him.
    others soon followed.
    Greek ships sank.

  19. In the late spring, the floods of the Missouri and Ohio rivers in the United States cause floodwaters on the Mississippi River of fifteen to twenty meters, or even more. After the disastrous floods of 1927 and 1937, levees were built to prevent loss of life and property in the river towns. These levees are intentionally made not so strong, so that if the water must break a levee, the break will be in a place where there are no
  20. Your answer:
    flood controls.

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