Reading for Understanding Three #79C

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. The Gothic cathedral means Western Europe to us; the pagoda is definitely Asian; the skyscraper is modern American. Different times show characteristic architecture. We may say, in a sense, that even a modern country writes its history in
  2. Your answer:

  3. According to some traditional philosophers, human beings are, in essence, rational beings who debase their higher selves when they experience passion. In the light of our knowledge of the human glandular and nervous constitution, it seems that a purely intellectual creature can exist only in the fantasies of philosophers. If we were not reluctant to insult these philosophers by the imputation to them of desire, we would charge them with conceiving the human race
  4. Your answer:
    on the basis of observation alone.
    as it usually is.
    in accordance with its true nature.
    as they would wish it to be.

  5. The governments of ancient Asia had been absolute monarchies; obedience to authority was thus the ruling principle of political and social life. The ancient Greeks formed a republican city-state in which people had a voice in their government and had some liberties. They were not subjects, but citizens. Their duty was to obey the law, not to be
  6. Your answer:
    subservient to authority.
    free and thinking citizens.
    students of government.
    different from ancient peoples.

  7. Until early peoples' mastery of agriculture was such that they could feed not only themselves but also their beasts, extensive domestication of animals could not take place. The dog, an extraordinarily proficient hunter, was probably domesticated relatively early, since it could contribute to the
  8. Your answer:
    hunger of its master.
    beasts in the forests.
    cultivation of crops.
    available food supply.

  9. "By jingo" is an English oath whose origin is not known. In the 1870s, the British were considering sending a squadron to Gallipoli to meet the Russian threat at Constantinople (now Istanbul). A popular song in music halls at the time contained the line, "We don't want to fight, yet by jingo if we do, we've got the ships, we've got the men, we've got the money too." Thus, the war party came to be known as the jingoists; politically, jingoism now means
  10. Your answer:
    aggressive patriotism.
    antiwar feeling.
    political irresponsibility.

  11. Although it is preventable, undulant fever, which is transmitted to humans from farm animals only, has yet to be wiped out. One measure in handling human cases that is sure to be ineffective in preventing the spread of disease is
  12. Your answer:

  13. As the famous author lavished praise on her own work for several hours, it became evident to her audience that, whatever else she was notable for, it was not
  14. Your answer:

  15. Finnish, the language of the people of Finland, bears no resemblance to Lettish, the language of the Latvians, though these two countries are very close to one another. Since people who have lived close together for many centuries develop language similarities, we may assume that one or both of these peoples have migrated to their present location from distant regions and that they have
  16. Your answer:
    retained no traces of their original languages.
    retained their original language.
    developed similarities of language.
    once spoken the same language.

  17. The Greek historian, Megasthenes, visiting Apelles in his studio, stood a great while without speaking a word. Then he began to deliver his opinion of the painter's work, and received this rude snub: "As long as you held your tongue, I thought you somebody out of the common because of your chains and your fine clothes; but now that we have heard you speak, there is not one in my workshop who does not
  18. Your answer:
    agree with you."
    admire you."
    despise you."
    listen to you."

  19. Daylight saving is a practice of setting clocks an hour ahead of standard time in spring and summer. In 1784 Benjamin Franklin wrote an article explaining the advantages of setting clocks ahead in spring and summer. Even now, there is not yet agreement on the advantages of daylight saving, and some of its opponents argue against it by calling sun time
  20. Your answer:
    central time.
    God's time.
    city time.
    fast time.

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