Reading for Understanding Three #78A

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. The territorially independent divisions of feudalism might be looked upon as the forefunners of the modern state. But the state, as we know it, came into existence only with the dying out of feudalism. Feudal tradition did not disappear overnight, however. The difference between the state as a functional whole and as a governmental unit was recognized
  2. Your answer:
    only gradually.
    by the landed aristocracy.
    by the opponents of feudalism.
    at the beginning of feudalism.

  3. The editor of a daily newspaper must constantly make on-the-spot decisions as to which items of news the current paper will include. This task is difficult, for not only does the volume of available news vary from one hour to the next, but so does the space available in the paper. The editor is constantly dealing with
  4. Your answer:
    unchanging variables.
    a fickle public.
    restricted subject matter.
    unknown quantities.

  5. The right of a government to force citizens to sell their property when it is needed for public use is called eminent domain. The provision that reasonable payment shall be made to the owner protects the owner against too great a loss and protects the government against
  6. Your answer:
    being overcharged.
    sabotage of property.
    court action.
    being overpaid.

  7. It has always been dangerous to teach new ideas contradictory to those that are generally accepted. The first people who taught that the earth is round were
  8. Your answer:

  9. In "The Federalist" (a compilation of letters written by various authors to a New York newspaper in 1787 and 1788), James Madison defended a government based on the principle of representation as being better than one that is based on the diverse views of all citizens. He said that a representative government would "refine and enlarge the public views by passing them through the medium of a chosen body of citizens, whose wisdom may best discern the true interest of their country, and whose patriotism and love of justice will be least likely to sacrifice it to temporary or partial considerations. Under such a regulation it may well happen that the public voice, pronounced by the representatives of the people, will be more consonant to the public good than if pronounced by
  10. Your answer:
    the president."
    a chosen body."
    the people themselves."
    a constitution."

  11. Democles was a Greek politician who was critical of his ruler, Dionysius. Dionysius invited him to a dinner and arranged to have a sword hanging by a single thread above his head. If the thread had broken, Damocles would have been killed. To say that the sword of Damocles is hanging over your head, means that you
  12. Your answer:
    should be more outspoken.
    are a victim of circumstance.
    are going to be more careful.
    fear instant misfortune.

  13. A laboratory has developed a plastic that can be made either flexible or rigid. This plastic lends itself to a wide variety of uses since, among other things, it can be nailed, sawed, and shaped. In fact, its chief virtue is its
  14. Your answer:
    low cost.

  15. A successful revolutionary leader quickly acquires a status ranging from prophetic politician to saint incarnate, whereas the miserable wretch whose attempted revolt fails must be resigned to being branded a subversive criminal, a despicable traitor. People in general rarely glorify
  16. Your answer:
    the losing side.
    the fight to a finish.
    a dissatisfied rebel.
    a successful revolutionary.

  17. Experienced skiers have learned to shift their weight forwards when they are descending a slope, but beginners often have a tendency to lean backwards while going downhill. It is particularly important that beginners remember to force their weight forwards if the slope suddenly becomes much steeper; otherwise, they will fall backwards as their skis
  18. Your answer:
    turn outwards.
    slow down.
    come off.

  19. The repression of freedom of opinion has been considered one of the worst degradations that might be enforced upon human beings. The repression of freedom of physical movement, while most undesirable, does not result in the lowering of self-respect to as considerable an extent. The prisoner in a cell of a democratic country, when compared with an unfettered person in a totalitarian country, is to be
  20. Your answer:

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