Reading for Understanding Three #77B

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. I have known this friend to profess himself a hater of people while his cheek was glowing with compassion; and while his looks were softened into pity, I have heard him use language of the most unbounded ill nature. Some affect humanity and tenderness; others boast of having such dispositions from nature; but he is the only person I ever knew who seemed ashamed of his
  2. Your answer:
    uncontrollable anger.
    natural benevolence.
    inability to feel deeply.
    manifestations of hypocrisy.

  3. The general style of life that is characteristic of a society is almost always reflected in its literature. Because the industrial age fosters efficiency and practicality, the rhetorical pomposity and grandiose verbiage of the early nineteenth century are not at present
  4. Your answer:

  5. When I compare myself as I am with myself as I would like to be, I am plunged into abject gloom. I can regain some measure of self-respect only by observing certain of my friends, reflecting that, although I cannot pride myself on my positive virtues, at least I can rejoice at the absence in myself of imperfections that are
  6. Your answer:
    my own.

  7. In recent times, fasting has been used as a means of protesting against the alleged injustice of the law of the land and even of defeating that law. The hunger strike has been practised with such persistency that it has led either to the release of the protesting prisoner or to the prisoner's inevitable
  8. Your answer:

  9. Some eminent biologists do not agree with the doctrine that war is biologically inevitable. They have spent many years studying the social behavior of lower animals and human beings and are convinced that the seven cardinal sins of pride, covetousness, lust, anger, gluttony, envy, and sloth may have deep-seated biological roots but that human wickedness is also an expression of what people have learned. They argue that the newer biology presents evidence of a biological basis of human virtue, such as faith and love, and that people can, through learning, cultivate
  10. Your answer:
    the most unlikely actions.
    contradictory doctrines.
    virtuous tendencies.
    their competitive instincts.

  11. A democracy does not always lessen its expenditures, even when it wishes to do so, because it does not understand the art of being economical. As it frequently changes its purposes, and still more frequently its agents, its undertakings are often ill-conducted or left unfinished; in the former case, the state spends sums out of all proportion to the end that it proposes to accomplish; in the latter case, the expense
  12. Your answer:
    brings no return.
    is borne by the rich.
    decreases taxation.
    increases prosperity.

  13. Pride is an established conviction of one's own paramount worth in some particular respect, whereas vanity is the desire of rousing such a conviction in others. Pride is satisfied from within; vanity, from
  14. Your answer:

  15. In 1790, when Thomas Jefferson was Secretary of State, the United States was considering the need for making a supply of copper coins. Propositions were considered for producing such coins in another country. Jefferson opposed such a move, saying, "Coinage is peculiarly an attribute of sovereignty. To transfer its exercise into another country is to submit it to another
  16. Your answer:

  17. Human beings are essentially cooperative rather than competitive beings, making their survival the result of
  18. Your answer:
    mutual assistance.
    numerical superiority.
    excellent physical condition.
    rugged individualism.

  19. A twenty-one-gun salute followed by four ruffles and flourishes is given on the formal appearance of the president of the United States, a former president, a chief magistrate or a sovereign of a country, or members of a reigning royal family. Next, the national anthem is played for the president; a march for a former president; and the national anthem of his or her country for others. The music is considered an inseparable part of the salute and follows the ruffles and flourishes
  20. Your answer:
    without pause.
    for foreign visitors.
    in most cases.
    in Washington.

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