Reading for Understanding Three #75C

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. A gas consists of molecules that move independently of one another, although they sometimes collide by chance and after one another's motion. The frequency of these accidental collisions increases as larger molecules are studied. The extent to which molecules interfere with one another's motion is one means of estimating
  2. Your answer:
    the composition of gas.
    their relative masses.
    the size of the molecules.
    if collisions occur randomly.

  3. Our national interest in politics is rather superficial. True, we are swept off our feet by attention-catching campaign slogans, and we cheer fervently for the few romantic figures who wander across the political horizon. But, since the sober, dull administration of uniformly good government does not arouse our emotions, we are less than intrigued by its operation. Any deep interest to which politics stirs us is likely to be
  4. Your answer:
    a genuine interest.
    a lasting interest.
    an informed interest.
    a temporary interest.

  5. There is a tendency for certain geological processes--such as the action of wind, rain, and ice--to wear down the elevations of the earth and deposit the surplus in the sea. These processes, unless counteracted, will eventually
  6. Your answer:
    have no geological result.
    completely level the land.
    change the earth but slightly.
    drain away the seas.

  7. There is an old saying that "the Battle of Waterloo was won on the playing fields of Eton." This statement means that
  8. Your answer:
    Waterloo was an athletic contest.
    the French were poor athletes.
    sports develop good soldiers and officers.
    the battle was really in England.

  9. The Leviathan by the English philosopher, Hobbes, is an attempt to base all political society on a pretend contract between the people and the sovereign. The people by this contract have renounced their natural liberty, which produced nothing but evil, and have deposited all power in the hands of the prince. That which he wills is taken to be the will of all the people. When David brought about the destruction of Uriah, he acted in that matter with Uriah's consent, for Uriah had consented to all that David might command. The prince, according to this system, might sin against God, but could not sin against the people because all his actions preceded from the general consent. It was impossible to entertain the idea of resisting him because such an idea implied resisting
  10. Your answer:
    God's will.

  11. Linguistic changes are constant and regular. They can be shown to follow certain laws. They do not occur
  12. Your answer:
    in spoken languages.
    with any regularity.
    without any consistency.
    in a recognizable form.

  13. Although they are several times as efficient as the farmers in Soviet-bloc countries and thirty times as productive as many of the Third World countries, the farmers of the developed countries are not satisfied with the progress of mechanization. Mechanized steel tools have given them the muscles of a giant, but they are demanding--and getting--still more sophisticated machines with which to control the biological processes involved in the production of
  14. Your answer:
    synthetic materials.
    food and cloth.
    manufacturing tools.
    strong muscles.

  15. Though its available resources are dwindling, the population of the world is increasing. In addition to the biological processes that result in population saturation, this unbalance is aggravated by the effect of medical science in decreasing the death rate and by an unaltered birthrate. The decline of resource potential has been further accentuated by modern warfare, which, we suspect, puts a smaller drain on population than on
  16. Your answer:
    medical research.
    international relations.

  17. The banks of the Nile and the shores of the Mediterranean Sea were conspicuous in ancient civilation, but their power and glory did not penetrate the African continent. There was only a narrow strip of light fringing the sea and the river--back of them lay the
  18. Your answer:
    glories that were Rome.
    heritage of the Greeks.
    land of milk and honey.
    mysterious and the unknown.

  19. One of the oldest rules of marketing is caveat emptor--let the buyer beware. This rule is based on the fact that many selling methods and products are designed to fool the customer. Another rule, known as caveat venditor, is legally sanctioned in our modern society. This rule seeks to prevent exploitation by the consumer. In translation, this term means
  20. Your answer:
    guard against consumption.
    let the market beware.
    let the seller beware.
    educate the consumer.

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