Reading for Understanding Three #71C

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. All the stars in a galaxy rotate in orbits around a galactic core. The apparent direction and velocity of motion of the stars depend upon the point from which they are viewed. If another star were travelling in the same orbit and at the same speed as our sun, as if the two stars were playing follow-the-leader, an observer on our sun would see this star as
  2. Your answer:
    moving away from the sun.
    moving out of the orbit.
    remaining stationary.
    moving towards the sun.

  3. To the laissez-faire economist, the economic machine powered by self-interest is like a mill whose wheels are turned by the flow of a stream. The mill operates best when the wheels are turning at top speed; the wheels turn more slowly if the flow of water is interrupted. Therefore, in the business world,
  4. Your answer:
    greed must be regulated.
    waterpower must be exploited.
    we should practice stream control.
    there must be no interference.

  5. Utopians are frequently characterized by excessive hatred of the present. These inspired reformers paint the present as the most evil of all times and our civilization as the worst in history. They tend to idealize the past and future by accentuating
  6. Your answer:
    the worst in both.
    contemporary progress.
    present faults.
    the hopes of the present.

  7. Machiavelli wrote that rulers must not mind being charged with cruelty sometimes, in order to keep the peace. If by showing clemency to troublemakers they allow disorder and bloodshed to occur, they allow the whole country to suffer; but, if they execute troublemakers before violence begins, they injure only
  8. Your answer:
    their friends.
    all citizens.

  9. All followers of science are fully persuaded that the processes of investigation, if only pushed far enough, will give one certain solution to every question to which they can be applied. Investigators in a field may at first obtain different results, but as the methods and processes of each are perfected, the results will move steadily towards a destined hub. So with all scientific research. Different minds may set out with the most antagonistic views, but the progress of investigation carries them by a force outside of themselves
  10. Your answer:
    into failure and discouragement.
    to one and the same conclusion.
    away from their original positions.
    to different explanations of the same phenomenon.

  11. Neutrons, atomic particles with neither a positive nor a negative electrical charge, may, under extremely high temperatures, be built up into familiar elements such as hydrogen or oxygen. Some astronomers believe that the universe started with only a concentrated source of neutrons and a large amount of
  12. Your answer:
    familiar elements.
    hydrogen atoms.
    radiant heat.
    atomic particles.

  13. The broad effects that can be obtained by punishment are the increase of fear, the sharpening of the sense of cunning, and the mastery of the desires; so it is that punishment tames people but does not make them
  14. Your answer:

  15. Observers who have seen a beetle rush up to aid another beetle that is having difficulty lugging its booty home have frequently interpreted this as an act of cooperation. Actually, however, the beetle possesses no such altruistic motivation; it intends, at an opportune moment, to rob the beetle that it helps. Its true role is that of
  16. Your answer:
    a nuisance.
    a companion.
    an observer.
    a hijacker.

  17. Apparently, reliability increases with age. Scholars who cited contemporary newpaper stories as references would be ridiculed by their colleagues, but the letter of a sixteenth century court gossip is more likely to be acceptable by all as
  18. Your answer:
    too old to be of value.
    equally fallacious.
    good historical evidence.
    interesting bacause of its age.

  19. Snakes are cold-blooded animals whose body temperature is about the same as that of their environment. They cannot survive unprotected in extreme temperatures. In the tropical jungle, the intense growth shelters snakes from the deadly heat of direct sunlight. In temperate zones, snakes spend the winter hibernating deep in the ground or in places where
  20. Your answer:
    they are protected from direct sunlight.
    their blood can remain cold.
    they cannot be seen.
    the temperature stays above freezing.

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