Reading for Understanding Three #71B

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. Each of us follows a special calling in life, but each of us is an integral part of an all-inclusive movement towards civilized progress. In the larger sense, the world's work force is
  2. Your answer:
    a unitary operation.
    the embodiment of reality.
    an equitable division.
    an end in itself.

  3. Philosophers have talked about human equality as though it were an unavoidable fact that no person could fail to accept. When John Locke said that we are "by nature free, equal, and independent," he felt assured that this was a statement that
  4. Your answer:
    concerned the nature of society.
    only philosophers affirmed.
    proved the equality of human beings.
    could not be contradicted.

  5. Much has been made of the so-called standardization of modern existence. This standardization has not been artificially imposed by mass production. By means of mass production, more people than ever before can enjoy certain goods. It is understandable that the goods desired can be manufactured by mass production, for
  6. Your answer:
    most people want the same things.
    a machine must pay for itself.
    standardization is easy to achieve.
    only mass-produced goods are enjoyable.

  7. The combination of forces in England that reduced the influence of military leaders and church authorities while giving titles to rich merchants was accompanied by prosperity in
  8. Your answer:
    rural areas.
    the church.

  9. Astrology attempts to find connections between the movements of the heavenly bodies and human affairs. It should not be confused with astronomy, which is a highly exact and mathematical science. Astronomers can predict an eclipse with great accuracy a hundred years ahead of the time that it occurs. But not one astrologer predicted World War II, even a few weeks before its outbreak. It must be admitted that the astrologers have made many accurate observations of the movements of the planets and stars, but they have failed in their attempts to relate these facts to
  10. Your answer:
    the end of the world.
    human phenomena.
    other physical sciences.
    modern war.

  11. Plato warned against the danger of excesses when he wrote, "The excessive increase of anything often causes a reaction in the opposite direction. The excess of liberty, whether in states or of individuals, seems only to pass into slavery, and the most aggravated form of tyranny arises out of the
  12. Your answer:
    most extreme form of liberty."
    most bureaucratic of governments."
    casual pursuit of wealth."
    excessive extension of slavery."

  13. In 1837 a visitor from Bohemia to the United States wrote, "Happiness and prosperity are so popular in the United States that no one dares to appear to be an exception to the rule; and avoiding carefully the semblance of misfortune, they generally succeed in reality, and become that which they have always been
  14. Your answer:
    striving to appear."
    admired for being."
    educated to be."
    admiring in others."

  15. Advice from the Book of Ruth and rabbinical laws decreed that the fields should be left after the first harvest for poor widows and children to glean. Modern mechanical methods of harvesting leave as much as five percent of the corn harvest in the fields. In some regions, groups of students are now working the fields after the harvest carrying out the intent of the ancient laws by gathering this remaining grain so that it may be used
  16. Your answer:
    for the farm animals.
    as next year's seed.
    to enrich the fields.
    to feed the hungry.

  17. A deciduous tree is one that loses its leaves once a year. Some botanists believe that deciduous trees can conserve water in winter because they do not have leaves, through which water is lost into the air by evaporation. Other methods of conserving water are necessary for
  18. Your answer:
    broadleaf trees.
    small trees.

  19. Thomas Jefferson advised his grandson to avoid arguments. He wrote to the young man, "I never saw an instance of one of two disputants convincing the other by argument." Our convictions, according to Jefferson, are the result of our own sensible reasoning concerning what we hear from others while we stand uncommitted in arguments. Jefferson cited Benjamin Franklin as being one of the most amiable persons in society because he practised the rule of
  20. Your answer:
    announcing all opinions.
    forgetting his convictions.
    giving vent to anger.
    never contradicting anybody.

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