Reading for Understanding Three #70C

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. Plato distinguished between two kinds of motion--change of place and change of quality. He asserted that unceasing movement in space cannot be allowed to things without also allowing them unceasing change in quality; otherwise, the contradiction would arise of the same thing being simultaneously at rest and in motion. There is, as we know today, however, no contradiction in saying that in one sense a thing is at rest, while in another it has motion. We would not say that a star that does not change hue, in this case a qualitative change, must also remain
  2. Your answer:
    in orbit.

  3. John C. Calhoun's colleagues in the U.S. Senate respected his ability and sincerity although they did not always agree with his convictions. They never ridiculed him, and they regretted that he was so often on what they believed to be the
  4. Your answer:
    wrong side of an issue.
    popular side.
    winning side.
    right side of an issue.

  5. Archytas of Tarentum said that "were a man to be carried up into heaven, and the beauties of universal nature displayed to his view, he would receive but little pleasure from the wonderful scene if there were none to whom he might relate the glories he had beheld." Human nature, indeed, is so constituted as to be generally incapable of
  6. Your answer:
    fundamental virtues.
    communication with the angels.
    lonely satisfaction.
    ascent to heaven.

  7. The reviewer contrasted the personalities of President Eisenhower and President De Gaulle. She described Mr. Eisenhower as frank and open, easy to like, easy to understand; M. De Gaulle, on the other hand, appeared aloof, not caring whether he was liked,
  8. Your answer:
    a loyal and typical citizen of France.
    indifferent to being understood.
    a timely champion of France.
    heroic only to a few.

  9. Oratory is to be estimated on different principles from those that are applied to other productions. Truth is the object of philosophy and history. The merit of poetry is in its truth even though the truth is understood only through the imagination, which is aroused by poetry. The object of oratory is not truth, but persuasion. A speaker who exhausts the whole philosophy of a question, who displays every grace of style, yet produces no effect on an audience, may be a great essayist, a great politician, a great master of composition, but
  10. Your answer:
    essentially an orator.
    not an orator.
    essentially a persuader.
    not a poet.

  11. Because the homeostatic disequilibrium associated with stomach ulcers begins in the brain and travels down the vagus nerve to the stomach, it was believed for a long time that the origin of ulcers could be traced to
  12. Your answer:
    poor eating habits.
    excessive mental activity.
    physical exertion.
    the use of alcohol.

  13. Persons best understand themselves and develop inwardly when exposed to constant association with their peers. Many people believe that, analagously, a nation can best develop
  14. Your answer:
    after critical self-evaluation.
    if its people have developed.
    in a society of nations.
    if left alone by others.

  15. One explanation that has been offered for the sparsity of theories of aesthetics is that the creator of such a theory must possess a passion for art and at the same time must be willing to assume an attitude of objective curiosity toward it. We have few theories of aesthetics because these qualities are seldom
  16. Your answer:
    found in combination.
    productive of theory.
    recognized in others.
    considered desirable.

  17. Our first awareness of muscle fatigue produced by physical activity is a mild feeling of discomfort. If the activity is continued, discomfort becomes pain, until, finally, when the muscles are completely exhausted, it becomes impossible to continue the activity. Because it serves to curtail activity of overtired muscles, fatigue may be considered a
  18. Your answer:
    state of mind.
    safety device.
    stimulant to health.
    muscular phenomenon.

  19. The common law of England has grown out of occasion and emergency; from the fluctuating policy of different ages; from the contentions, successes, interests, and opportunities of different groups and parties in the community. It resembles an old mansion that has been reared in different ages, has been altered from time to time, and has been continually receiving additions and repairs suited to the taste or convenience of its successive proprietors. In such a building we look in vain for the just order and correspondence of parts that we expect in a modern edifice. In brief, English common law has developed without
  20. Your answer:
    the aid of politicians.
    taking account of human nature.
    providing for the possibility of change.
    an organizing political principle.

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