Reading For Understanding Three #69C

Thelma Thurstone--The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. Of all the existing barriers to the transmission of ideas and knowledge, perhaps the most subtle is our unwillingness to listen to what is being communicated and our unwitting distortion of what we do hear. The ideological aspects of our culture give each of us a frame of reference into which we fit ideas and knowledge. In general, those communications that do not fit neatly into our preexisting frame of reference are
  2. Your answer:
    accepted by the majority.
    given further study.
    accepted without equivocation.
    disregarded or unconsciously altered.

  3. The chemical principle that the rate of a reaction increases with an increase in temperature is a biological principle also, since life processes are largely chemical reactions. With respect to biology, however, this principle is applicable only within certain limits. If you change the temperature by too great an amount, you destroy the machinery of the life process. Each organism will tolerate only a specific
  4. Your answer:
    temperature range.
    reaction rate.
    chemical reaction.
    life process.

  5. Some variant of the word persona is found in every European language. The original meaning of the word was "a mask," and it referred to the masks once worn by actors on the stage. The denotation of human beings by persona is particularly apt, for
  6. Your answer:
    we do not show ourselves as we really are.
    most human beings are intrigued by drama.
    Europeans often act in a theatrical way.
    we do not really know ourselves.

  7. At first glance, the sheer size of a public library seems to be indicative of information on an almost unlimited variety of subjects. However, one soon discovers that the quantity of books really conceals mere differential treatment of a paucity of themes so that the information value of the library, great as it seems at first glance, may be really quite
  8. Your answer:

  9. Plants or animals of a given species must compete with one another for the available food supply once the population of that species in a given locality has reached the saturation point. It is this competition that in part limits the population of a species. There are often food chains consisting of many links from the green plants to the carnivores and, at the place where one link of such a chain joins another, there is life-and-death competition. Usually an equilibrium of the species is established in such a situation so that about equal numbers of a species reach adulthood in every generation. This equilibrium is, however, dynamic rather than static, involving a continuous interplay of roughly balanced forces. During this interplay of life, there is much
  10. Your answer:

  11. Our prevailing cult of child worship can be partially accredited to our exaggerated belief in the pristine innocence and unmitigated goodness of the young. We assume that whatever children do must naturally be right and therefore should be tolerated because we consider them incapable of
  12. Your answer:
    attaining adulthood.
    normal intelligence.
    ulterior motive.
    feeling any emotion.

  13. If one company has a surplus and another a deficit of a certain product, the former would probably be glad to sell its surplus, which the latter would gladly buy. If, however, the latter has no surplus of a product in which the former is deficient,
  14. Your answer:
    the exchange will take place.
    the exchange is facilitated.
    no exchange can be made between them.
    the situation is reversed.

  15. "We must admit that we must pay for what we want and want only what we are willing to pay for." Applied to foreign policy, this would mean that a nation must maintain its objectives and its power in equilibrium, its purposes within its
  16. Your answer:

  17. Science affects almost every aspect of our lives. It is in the interest of everybody to gain a better understanding of science and its applications. One advocate has called such an understanding "science
  18. Your answer:

  19. The other planets in our solar system turn on their axes and revolve around the sun at different speeds from that of the earth. A day on Mars would last twenty-four hours and thirty-seven minutes, and a year on Mars would be six hundred and eighty-seven days. A year on Jupiter would equal nearly twelve earth-years. This would mean that someone who would be twenty-four years old on earth would be, on Jupiter,
  20. Your answer:
    ageless by our standards.
    of indeterminate age.
    about two years old.
    about 144 years old.

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