Reading for Understanding Three #69A

Thelma Thurstone--The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. In a democracy there must be implicit agreement to preserve the process of action through deliberative discussion and continual compromise. This means agreement to proceed slowly and to avoid radical experiments. In this respect, democracy is inherently
  2. Your answer:

  3. If great enmities are ever to be really settled, it will not be by the system of revenge and military success and by forcing an opponent to swear to a treaty to the conqueror's advantage. But permanent peace is more likely when the more fortunate waives these privileges, to be guided by gentler feelings, and conquers the defeated rival in generosity, according peace on more moderate conditions than expected. From that moment, instead of the debt of revenge that violence must entail, the loser owes a debt of generosity to be paid in kind and is inclined by gratitude to
  4. Your answer:
    avenge the dignity of being conquered.
    grant to the conqueror the spoils of war.
    uphold the terms of the treaty.
    submit to the tyranny of the conqueror.

  5. Here was a lovable character, certainly a person of integrity, but who had no social conscience, no awareness of economic realties, no comprehension of the part that the government ought to play in channelling the energies and moulding the lives of its citizens. Persons of this kind were an ornament, a luxury that a modern democracy could no longer afford, a type of entrepreneur that we no longer want, no longer need, in fact can no longer
  6. Your answer:

  7. There are thousands of different known plants and animals in the world. Each of these is methodically listed according to its characteristics, both similarities and differences, from the general (kingdoms) to the specific (species). Several centuries passed before scientists were able to devise a system that included all
  8. Your answer:
    plants and animal known and unknown.
    the methods.
    the scientists.
    the similarities and differences.

  9. Outwardly, we appear very proud of our cultural achievements -- our literature, our symphony orchestras, our architecture. Upon closer inspection, however, we see orchestras that are in financial arrears, architects who die poverty-stricken, and poetry existing only through the generosity of a cultured publisher. What we appear to want and what we are willing to pay for
  10. Your answer:
    are only those which we feel are worthwhile.
    are two aspects of a fundamental problem.
    seem to be two entirely different things.
    seem to be what we finally acquire.

  11. It often happens that if a lie is believed only for an hour, it has done its work, and there is no further occasion for it. Falsehood flies, and truth comes limping after it so that when we come to be undeceived it is too late; the jest is over, and the tale
  12. Your answer:
    has done no harm.
    soon will be forgotten.
    has had its effect.
    is not understood.

  13. The Gambel oak trees at the Grand Canyon in the United States grow only about 4.5 meters tall. In order to survive in the high and dry area, the roots spread horizontally, and shoots form to make new trees, perhaps as many as thirty or forty. They may look like independent trees, but they are not. They are
  14. Your answer:
    all connected to their roots.
    all alike.
    all quite differnt.
    too small.

  15. It is the mark of an educated person to look for precision in each class of things just so far as the nature of the subject admits. It is as foolish to accept unsupportable reasoning from the mathematicians as it is to demand
  16. Your answer:
    daring and bravery from the generals.
    precision from the dentists.
    taxes from the wealthy.
    scientific proofs from the oracles.

  17. Although the poet has a fine mastery of her native language, she cannot be ranked as a truly national poet, for her style is too
  18. Your answer:
    difficult to translate.
    hard to read.
    foreign in essence.
    heavy and resounding.

  19. The right of succession to the throne in a monarchy used to be a greater problem than it is now. One rule of successon is that, if a man and woman who are monarchs of two separate countries have a child, a contract may be made to determine which parent shall have dominion over the child. If a contract is not drawn up, however, dominion over the child follows the dominion of the child's residence. This fact is true because sovereigns have dominion in their own country over all
  20. Your answer:
    succession rights.

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