Reading for Understanding Three #67B

Thelma Thurstone--The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. The greatest fault of some critics is that they become personal, possibly because it is so easy and so attractive to do so. They pass easily from criticizing an author's work to censuring
  2. Your answer:
    our society.
    the author.

  3. The change in our educational system may bring about an improvement, but it may also be detrimental. We must consider such changes carefully, particularly when we realize that their results will not be apparent for a generation -- and even then may be perceived only after careful study. It is easy to make errors in education, and such mistakes are
  4. Your answer:
    difficult to discern.
    erased in following years.
    generally inconsequential.
    easily corrected.

  5. It is certain that without a division of duties the world could not go on. It is of much more importance that people should have food than that they should have pianos. Yet, it by no means follows that every pianomaker should also become a baker; for if that happened, we might have much worse music and
  6. Your answer:
    many more pianomakers.
    much less food.
    much better bread.
    too much bread.

  7. Grammarians make a distinction between telling an untruth and lying. To tell an untruth is to tell a thing that is false but which you believe to be true. On the other hand, the word lie originally meant "to go against one's conscience," and it consequently applies to those who
  8. Your answer:
    have stern and puritaical consciences.
    have something to gain by lying.
    habitually are guilty of untruth.
    say something contrary to what they know.

  9. A major effect of political party organization in the United States has been a tremendous simplification of alternatives at the time of voting. Where no party organization exists, there is typically a large number of candidates, and the dispersion of votes for these candidates is wide. When parties dominate an election, characteristically the number of candidates is drastically limited, and the votes are highly concentrated. The U.S. Constitution provides that when no candidate receives a majority of the electoral votes the House elects the president from the five candidates who receive the largest vote in the electoral college. This provision indicates the degree to which the framers of the Constitution underestimated the power of political parties to produce a
  10. Your answer:
    refinement of issues.
    multiplicity of candidates.
    control of officials.
    concentration of votes.

  11. Widely read comic strips are among the more effective means of spreading propaganda. Many readers feel themselves in the roles played by the most popular comic-strip heroes. A strip whose hero is forever pursuing fugitives from justice is sure to
  12. Your answer:
    aid in the capture of criminals.
    influence readers' attitudes toward crime.
    feature adventure and daring deeds.
    add to its reader popularity.

  13. It is almost a truism that the survival of a state depends in the last resort on the loyalty of its citizens. Since ancient Athens had no royalty, no standing army, no bureaucracy, the continuance of the state and its institutions required the constant loyalty of its citizens. Any shock to the foundation of the Athenian state was immediately felt from the base to the summit, since there were no intermediate elements to deaden the blow. In effect the citizens of Athens were
  14. Your answer:
    the state.

  15. All matter, which is to say all objects that occupy space, from the infinitesimal atom to the largest know planet or star, are in ceaseless relative motion. We do not perceive the rotation of the earth on its axis, or the movement of the tiny particles called protons and neutrons as they move about in the nucleus of an atom. Substances often seem to be in a state of rest because our senses of perception are
  16. Your answer:

  17. In ancient Mesopotamia the priests kept such careful records of the motions of the heavenly bodies that they were able to count the length of the lunar month and to predict eclipses accurately. The Chinese built the observatories and were able to predict eclipses as early as 4000 B.C. The ancients Mayans in Central America predicted eclipses and worked out the lunar month. We should marvel at the accomplishments of the early astronomers, not be shocked by their
  18. Your answer:

  19. The people of North Carolina accept the report of some early citizens of Charlotte, North Carolina, that a group of citizens signed the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence, protesting British rule, on May 20, 1775, a year before the Declaration of Independence. There is no published evidence of the meeting of the Mecklenburg citizens on May 31, 1775, to protest against unfair treatment of the colonies by Great Britain. Lacking documentary evidence, many historians do not accept the story of the
  20. Your answer:
    authentic declaration.
    recent reports.
    meeting of may 20.
    meeting of May 31.

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