Reading for Understanding Three #64C

Thelma Thurstone--The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. The cubit, a measure of length used by many ancient peoples, had at first no precise definition. It was the length of the forearm from the elbow to the tip of the middle finger. In metric measure the English cubit is 45.72 centimeters. The Egyptian cubit was 52.28 centimeters; the Roman, 44.45 centimeters; the Greek, 46.28 centimeters, and so on. Like many other units of measurement, such as the foot and the span, that were based on the human body, the length of the cubit depended upon
  2. Your answer:
    an exact scale.
    who was measuring.
    Egyptian law.
    the thing being measured.

  3. Swindlers, in their own opinion, prosper because they surpass their fellows in intelligence -- and sometimes they are right. Often the most successful rogues are
  4. Your answer:
    not very smart.
    extremely foolish.
    naive ones.
    clever ones.

  5. The basic element of a community is not the amassing of buildings, but the assocation of individuals. When expansion or congestion makes human association difficult, when civic equipment such as schools, churches, and libraries becomes inadequate, a place
  6. Your answer:
    gives opportunity to aggressive indviduals.
    ought to raise taxes.
    needs to increase its population.
    ceases to be a community.

  7. Thirteen of the fifty states of the United States are on land that formerly belonged to France -- the Louisiana Territory. More than one hundred and fifty years ago, the United States government, under President Jefferson, purchased all the land of the Louisiana Territory from the French for fifteen million dollars. Before that, countries had added new lands by exploration or by war. The United States was not different in wishing to extend its boundaries, but the method used was
  8. Your answer:

  9. None of us take happily to the thought of the future going on without us. We would all like to stay here to see what happens. A famous correspondent of World War II reported spending time one evening with a group of soldiers who were scheduled for a bombing raid the next day. All knew that the probability was that only about one-fourth of them would return. The correspondent reported that the soldiers were not afraid; rather, they were
  10. Your answer:
    sorry for their families.
    completely indifferent to death.
    willing to die if necessary.
    reluctant to give up the future.

  11. As government began to emerge from the days of savagery, human progress began. We all want peace, freedom, justice, and protection of our homes and our way of living. These values can be obtained only when we live according to law and
  12. Your answer:

  13. Until quite recently, house builders in Samoa were treated most respectfully and with great solicitude. Before the corps of builders would agree to build a house, their would-be employer had to promise not to criticize their work. While the builders were working, they were provided with meals better than those served Samoan chiefs. And if a builder fell asleep on the job, the employer made sure that the builder was
  14. Your answer:
    reported to the chief.
    awakened to continue working.
    fired by the contractor.
    sheltered from the sun.

  15. The United States land-grant colleges were made possible by a gift of land to each state under the Morrill Act of 1862. The purpose of the act was to enable each state to found and support a college for agriculture and the mechanical arts. Military science and tactics were to be a part of the curriculum. Not all the United States universities are land-grant colleges, because some do not meet these
  16. Your answer:
    academic standards.
    state standards.
    curriculum requirements.
    space requirements.

  17. Serfs were not bought and sold; rather they were transferred with the land upon which they worked. The essential economic characteristic of serfdom was bondage to
  18. Your answer:

  19. Because human beings have language and can, by writing, transmit the results of their experience to later generations, they have a form of social genetics that greatly accelerates cultural evolution. It is likely that in the last ten thousand years social evolution has brought about changes in the human life greater than the results of a billion years of biological evolution. For our way of living in the future, biological evolution may be a minor determinant as compared with the voluntary control of genetic factors by
  20. Your answer:
    conscious purpose.
    fatal diseases.
    natural selection.

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