Reading for Understanding Three #64B

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Answer the questions below and then click "submit" to send your answers.

  1. "One who holds fast the golden mean,

    And lives contentedly between

    The little and the great,

    Feels not the wants that pinch the poor,

    Nor plagues that haunt the rich one's door."

    In this stanza, the poet Horace advised

  2. Your answer:
    moderation.
    judgment.
    abstinence.
    humility.


  3. Most schools of philosophical thought designate good and evil as opposites. One of these schools deals with both good and evil as qualities that are rationally determined, or determined through careful thought. According to this way of thinking, good is that which we rationally love and evil is that which we
  4. Your answer:
    instinctively reject.
    rationally dislike.
    emotionally despise.
    irrationally hate.


  5. According to Malthusian theory, population increases geometrically while food supply increases arithmetically. Hence, the ultimate check to population expansion is predicted to be lack of food. This ultimate check, however, is not the immediate check, except when there is
  6. Your answer:
    repletion.
    famine.
    pestilence.
    poverty.


  7. The Athenians shared the direction of their world with their gods, whom they regarded as immortal but all-powerful. The search for wisdom and justice brought the divine and human worlds into a single harmony. In the process the gods were humanized and humans reached out towards
  8. Your answer:
    the future.
    divinity.
    success.
    mortality.


  9. One of our modern mysteries is the point of origin of the ancient Etruscans--the group that lived in what is now northern and central Italy. Careful study of their language leads to no conclusions. But interestingly enough, the art of the group may be more telling. Many of the sculptured heads show the same sort of smile that is common in Oriental art. It is thus suggested that the Etruscans
  10. Your answer:
    may have originally come from Asia.
    had no identifiable place of origin.
    may have copied various art forms.
    had improved native Italian art forms.


  11. To a manufacturer, the wages paid to employees are a large portion of production expenses. The fact that wages also determine the buying power of the consumer is sometimes overlooked. In times of overproduction, the manufacturer tries to lower operating costs by decreasing the number of employees. This reduces expenditures of money in wages, but it also
  12. Your answer:
    reduces consumption.
    maintains the status quo.
    raises costs.
    increases production.


  13. The proof that our attachment to life is not completely due to the immediate satisfaction that we find in it is that those persons are commonly found most loath to part with it who have the
  14. Your answer:
    fewest burdens to bear.
    greatest satisfaction in it.
    longest time with it.
    least enjoyment of it.


  15. The state is an essential part, but not the whole, of the social structure. It is best conceived of as an agency of the community with functions that are very broad and important but nevertheless
  16. Your answer:
    limited.
    unrestricted.
    essential.
    inclusive.


  17. Temperature denotes the intensity of heat in a substance. A milliliter of water and a liter of water may have the same temperature, but the heat in the liter of water will be a thousand times as great as the heat in the milliliter of water, because there is a thousand times as much water in the liter. The amount of heat in a substance is in direct ratio to the volume or amount of the substance. Temperature and heat are
  18. Your answer:
    not the same.
    of equal intensity.
    increased with volume.
    the same.


  19. In a report made in the 1930's the birthrates of the major nations of the world were compared to the death rates. In the United States there were six births for every four deaths. In England the ratio was smaller, with six births to every five deaths, and in the Soviet Union two births occurred for every death. The French ratio was different in that the number of births about equalled the number of deaths. According to these statistics, the country with the most stable population at that time was
  20. Your answer:
    England.
    the Soviet Union.
    France.
    the United States.



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