Reading for Understanding Three #63C

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. Scientific instruments are the basis for new developments in science. Many things are not large enough or close enough to see with the eye, nor can the ear accurately judge all sounds. Weight is a crude estimate drawn from holding an object or looking at it. Scientific instruments were developed to aid in these and other processes by
  2. Your answer:
    acting as a brain.
    extending human senses.
    improving instruments.
    saving time.

  3. Some of the lowest natural temperatures on record have occurred in northeastern Siberia. In some areas there, "land" consists of silt and stone that have piled up on a central core of ice. If the Siberian climate should ever warm up for any length of time, these land areas would
  4. Your answer:
    provide well-irrigated farmland.
    fall apart as their cores melted.
    turn entirely to water.
    become thickly populated.

  5. The doctrine of finalism has no fixed and firm outlines. Mechanism is to be accepted or rejected: it must be discarded if the smallest particle should show one bit of spontaneity. Finalism, however, will never be altogether refuted, for if one form of it be denied, there are other forms that it will take. Its principle is
  6. Your answer:
    rigid and final.
    accepted by most thinkers.
    ingrained in religious thought.
    extensible and flexible.

  7. Ancient civilizations, such as the Sumerian, built terraced towers so that they could worship their gods from high places. These towers were called ziggurats. The ziggurat was pyramidal and had from three to seven layers. The builders had no strong materials such as wood and stone, so they used clay bricks or earth. These solid structure resembled
  8. Your answer:
    modern city churches.
    many-tiered wedding cakes.
    modern skyscrapers.
    tall church spires.

  9. In dealing with the problems of his time, Socrates used a method of proper definition. He divided and subdivided in order to distinguish between the widely differing and often contradictory meanings that hide behind a word. In brief, his method was a protest against the
  10. Your answer:
    insistence on precise, meticulous definition
    aristocratic idea of education.
    careless use of general terms.
    complex nature of the Greek language.

  11. If you disagree with the majority decision, you may be justified in keeping silent, for it is quite understandable that you may not wish to take the role of a martyr. It is inexcusable for you, however, to voice assent that you do not feel. There can be no justification of
  12. Your answer:

  13. One member of the U.S. Congress warns politicians against underestimating the role of women. Her figures show that there are four million more women voters than men in the United States, that women own more than two-thirds of the nation's wealth, control two-thirds of the family income, and make up 50 percent of adult corporate stockholders. She concludes that in the United States women hold
  14. Your answer:
    equality with men.
    their own opinions.
    the balance of power.
    the most jobs.

  15. The lobster fishing industry used to take as many as one hundred million lobsters a year from the Atlantic, and the fishing threatened the lobster fields. The Canadian and the U.S. governments have made laws to protect lobsters, and fishing is prohibited in areas where young lobsters live. As a further means to prevent the extermination of lobsters, both governments maintain extensive
  16. Your answer:
    lobsters canneries.
    lobster hatcheries.
    fishing laws.
    fishing permits.

  17. According to one noted critic, it is inevitable that modern music be crude and rugged. She identifies any music characterized by smoothness and beauty as
  18. Your answer:
    less appealing than new music.
    of older origin.

  19. As the widely read national magzines have come to devote less space to poetry, many universities have tended to subsidize literary quarterlies that publish the offerings of their faculty members. Well-known teacher-poets, assured that their successful creative efforts will see the light of day, are more willing to overlook the monetary disadvantages currently inherent in the academic profession; and the typical university trustee gladly accepts the relatively small expense of supporting a publication which, although it cannot pay its own way, helps attract to and keep at the university
  20. Your answer:
    scientists who have made names for themselves in research.
    poets whose royalties contribute substantially to the university.
    talent that the university otherwise could not afford.
    a group of unknown poets.

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