Reading for Understanding Three #63B

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Answer the questions below and then click "submit" to send your answers.

  1. Governments, like clocks, go from the motion people give them; and as governments are made and moved by people, so by them are they ruined, too. Wherefore, governments rather depend upon people than
  2. Your answer:
    people upon governments.
    upon timekeepers.
    upon legislation.
    upon movements.


  3. Railways going into large cities occupy a great deal of valuable real estate. They often add to their revenue by selling the right to construct large buildings above the tracks. An example is the Prudential Insurance Company's forty-one story building in Chicago. The building is over the tracks of the Illinois Central Railroad; thus, land can be said to have a new dimension:
  4. Your answer:
    area.
    width.
    height.
    value.


  5. For many years, there have been chemists, geologists, biologists, physicists, and so forth; but now the boundary lines between the various sciences are becoming less clear-cut. An increasing number of scientists are specializing in such fields as
  6. Your answer:
    chemistry.
    biochemistry.
    mathematics.
    astronomy.


  7. If goldfish are presented with three compartments lighted with bulbs of 45 units, 30 units, and 15 units of intensity, they can learn to choose a particular one, such as the 15-unit compartment. If the fish that have learned to do this are presented with three compartments lighted with intensities of 75 units, 60 units, and 45 units, they immediately go to the 45-unit brightness. This experiment shows that the fish learned to respond not to a particular brightness, but to
  8. Your answer:
    high illumination.
    a relationship.
    an experiment.
    an absolute value.


  9. A story is told that the Chinese philosopher and teacher Confucius was travelling with some of his disciples when they heard a woman weeping over a grave. When she was asked why she was weeping, she replied, "My husband's father was killed in this country by a tiger, and my husband also, and now my son has met the same fate." When asked why she did not leave such a dangerous place, she answered that there was no oppressive government. Confucius emphasized this to his disciples, telling them that "oppressive government is fiercer and more feared than
  10. Your answer:
    wrath."
    suffering."
    a tiger."
    war."


  11. Let us admit that the problem is metaphysical. Further proccupation with it will result only in guesses, the accuracy of which is not capable of
  12. Your answer:
    verification.
    repetition.
    satisfaction.
    discussion.


  13. If, rejecting all that is merely incidental, we look at the essential characteristics of the Whig and the Tory of eighteenth century England, we may consider each of them as representative of particular principles. One was the sail, without which society would make no progress; the other was the ballast, without which there would be little safety in a tempest. In other words, one was the moving power; the other, the
  14. Your answer:
    steadying power.
    representative power.
    liberal power.
    progressive power.


  15. Mastery of the English language consists not in the rote memorization of an elaborate vocabulary but in the cultivation of precision in choosing from one's working vocabulary the combination of words that best expresses one's thoughts. Language is a powerful tool that can be wielded successfully only by those who utilize the capacity of its words to
  16. Your answer:
    require inaccurate usage.
    be increased in number.
    be used without thinking.
    convey fine shades of meaning.


  17. Politics may be studied through its static qualities and through its dynamic qualities. The static and the dynamic, however, are embedded within each other. In order to find a method for maintaining the status quo, research must be undertaken to ascertain the conditions that might threaten to
  18. Your answer:
    stabilize it.
    make it impractical.
    change it.
    make it static.


  19. As a result of some circumstance, a race or a nation may come to occupy a strategic position in the world. It may strengthen this position until it dominates some region of the earth's surface. But its dominance is only temporary; it is superseded by a new race or nation. The spotlight of human history has been occupied by
  20. Your answer:
    the wise rather than the strong.
    many races and nations concurrently.
    one group through all the ages.
    a succession of races or nations.



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