Reading for Understanding Three #63A

Thelma Thurstone The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

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  1. There goes in the world a notion that the scholar should be a recluse--as unfit for any handiwork or public work as a penknife for
  2. Your answer:
    a pencil.
    chopping wood.
    a tool.

  3. Imitators of the great, anxious to rival them, sink into the bottomless sea of verbiage and false pathos; unable to grapple with the difficulties presented by vital interests at stake, they describe these vital interests with exaggerated grandiloquence, and hide with flowers of oratory the
  4. Your answer:
    vitality of their ideas.
    sincerity of their motives.
    talents of the great.
    shallowness of their own ideas.

  5. It is no doubt true that we seldom produce maximally, but we can be sure of one thing--we all produce at least the minimum required for survival. Less than maximum production is possible only to the extent that maximum production is
  6. Your answer:
    not necessary for survival.
    a prerequisite for prosperity.
    tantamount to survival.
    desired by the populace.

  7. Modern factories have large window walls to provide daylight, which is better for the eyes than artificial light. Plain glass has two drawbacks: glare and heat from the sun. A bluish green frosted glass that is more restful to the eyes is available. Its extra thickness cuts out almost half of the sun's radiant energy. Even the tint of the glass makes one feel cooler. Another advantage is in reduced
  8. Your answer:
    fuel consumption in winter.
    cooling costs.
    employee morale.
    numbers of supervisors required.

  9. The universal levelling of the land has been regarded as an extremely slow process. Though it goes on without ceasing, it seems to leave hardly any perceptible trace on the landscapes of a country. The landscapes appear to wear the same familiar aspects indicated in the oldest pages of history. This obvious slowness has doubtless contributed to the formation of the belief that the evolution of the earth
  10. Your answer:
    will never be understood.
    is comparatively recent in origin.
    involved drastic topographic changes.
    required countless centuries.

  11. Although rope made of synthetic materials of quality equal to that of rope made of natural materials is now easily available, rope made of manila, linen, sisal, or cotton is still the most popular. The natural strands vary in length and since smoothness and strength increase with the length of the strand, natural rope
  12. Your answer:
    is superior to synthetic rope.
    varies in quality.
    is inferior to synthetic rope.
    cannot be determinded.

  13. The number of physical phenomena amenable to scientific explanation increases with each passing decade, whereas our scientific knowledge of human morality remains relatively insignificant. The teachings of Aristotle concerning astronomy and physics have long since been superseded, but we have not replaced his doctrines on
  14. Your answer:

  15. The lack of continuity and cohesion in the author's longer works is more than counterbalanced by the enticement of encountering an unexpected twist of phrase or a sudden incision into and through some common superficiality. Only in retrospect is the reader conscious of the author's one literary failing--an inability to convey any
  16. Your answer:
    original ideas.
    sense of underlying unity.
    lasting impressions.
    noble thoughts.

  17. Joan of Arc was only sixteen when she led French troops into battle to drive the English from France. She was so successful that Charles VII, who had been kept from the French throne by the English, could be crowned kind of France. Later Joan fell into the hands of a religious court and was tried as a witch and a heretic. She was condemned and burned at the stake at about the age of nineteen. To the court she may have been a witch and a heretic, but to generations of French people she has been a
  18. Your answer:

  19. The Knickerbocker school is the name given to a group of U.S. writers who had in common the fact that they lived in New York State between 1800 and 1825. To call these writers a school is inappropriate, since they were in no sense an organized group and did not all subscribe to the same literary principles or aims. Their association was primarily one of
  20. Your answer:
    style of writing.
    underlying intent.
    subject matter.
    time and place.

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